Whirlpool Corporation
WHIRLPOOL CORP /DE/ (Form: 10-Q, Received: 04/25/2017 10:06:16)



UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 ________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
   ________________________________________________________
x
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 1-3932
WHIRLPOOLCORPLOGOA01.JPG
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
38-1490038
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
2000 North M-63,
Benton Harbor, Michigan
 
49022-2692
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (269) 923-5000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                        Yes   x     No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes   x     No   o     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   x
 
Accelerated filer   o
Non-accelerated filer   o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting  company)
 
Smaller reporting company   o
 
 
Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   o    No  x
Number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class of common stock
 
Shares outstanding at April 21, 2017
Common stock, par value $1 per share
 
73,970,348




WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 
 
 
SIGNATURES



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Certain statements contained in this quarterly report, including those within the forward-looking perspective section within the Management's Discussion and Analysis, and other written and oral statements made from time to time by us or on our behalf do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. As such, they are considered “forward-looking statements,” which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “may,” “could,” “will,” “should,” “possible,” “plan,” “predict,” “forecast,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “believe,” “may impact,” “on track,” and similar words or expressions. Our forward-looking statements generally relate to our growth strategies, financial results, product development, and sales efforts. These forward-looking statements should be considered with the understanding that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by inaccurate assumptions. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual results may vary materially.
This document contains forward-looking statements about Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Whirlpool”) that speak only as of this date. Whirlpool disclaims any obligation to update these statements. Forward-looking statements in this document may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expected earnings per share, cash flow, productivity and raw material prices. Many risks, contingencies and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from Whirlpool's forward-looking statements. Among these factors are: (1) intense competition in the home appliance industry reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers; (2) Whirlpool's ability to maintain or increase sales to significant trade customers and the ability of these trade customers to maintain or increase market share; (3) Whirlpool's ability to maintain its reputation and brand image; (4) the ability of Whirlpool to achieve its business plans, productivity improvements, and cost control objectives, and to leverage its global operating platform, and accelerate the rate of innovation; (5) Whirlpool's ability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights; (6) acquisition and investment-related risks, including risks associated with our past acquisitions, and risks associated with our increased presence in emerging markets; (7) risks related to our international operations, including changes in foreign regulations, regulatory compliance and disruptions arising from political, legal and economic instability; (8) information technology system failures, data security breaches, network disruptions, and cybersecurity attacks; (9) product liability and product recall costs; (10) the ability of suppliers of critical parts, components and manufacturing equipment to deliver sufficient quantities to Whirlpool in a timely and cost-effective manner; (11) our ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees; (12) the impact of labor relations; (13) fluctuations in the cost of key materials (including steel, resins, copper and aluminum) and components and the ability of Whirlpool to offset cost increases; (14) Whirlpool’s ability to manage foreign currency fluctuations; (15)  inventory and other asset risk; (16)  the uncertain global economy and changes in economic conditions which affect demand for our products; (17)  health care cost trends, regulatory changes and variations between results and estimates that could increase future funding obligations for pension and postretirement benefit plans; (18) litigation, tax, and legal compliance risk and costs, especially if materially different from the amount we expect to incur or have accrued for, and any disruptions caused by the same; (19) the effects and costs of governmental investigations or related actions by third parties; and (20) changes in the legal and regulatory environment including environmental, health and safety regulations.
We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, and investors are advised to review disclosures in our filings with the SEC. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. Therefore, investors should not consider the foregoing factors to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties, or factors that could potentially cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements.
Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this report.    
Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Whirlpool,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.



2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIODS ENDED MARCH 31
(Millions of dollars, except per share data)
 

 
Three Months Ended
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales
$
4,786

 
$
4,616

Expenses
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
3,960

 
3,793

Gross margin
826

 
823

Selling, general and administrative
499

 
473

Intangible amortization
17

 
18

Restructuring costs
46

 
47

Operating profit
264

 
285

Other (income) expense

 

Interest and sundry (income) expense
25

 
32

Interest expense
41

 
38

Earnings before income taxes
198

 
215

Income tax expense
40

 
59

Net earnings
158

 
156

Less: Net earnings available to noncontrolling interests
5

 
6

Net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
153

 
$
150

Per share of common stock
 
 
 
Basic net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
2.05

 
$
1.94

Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool
$
2.01

 
$
1.92

Dividends declared
$
1.00

 
$
0.90

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)
 
 
 
Basic
74.8

 
77.3

Diluted
76.0

 
78.3

 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
238

 
$
312


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


3


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(Millions of dollars, except share data )
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 

March 31,
2017

December 31,
2016
Assets



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents
$
951


$
1,085

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $188 and $185, respectively
2,735


2,711

Inventories
3,076


2,623

Prepaid and other current assets
942


920

Total current assets
7,704


7,339

Property, net of accumulated depreciation of $6,181 and $6,055, respectively
3,792


3,810

Goodwill
2,971


2,956

Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $406 and $387, respectively
2,547


2,552

Deferred income taxes
2,132


2,154

Other noncurrent assets
334


342

Total assets
$
19,480


$
19,153

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity



Current liabilities



Accounts payable
$
4,334


$
4,416

Accrued expenses
686


649

Accrued advertising and promotions
524


742

Employee compensation
451


390

Notes payable
834


34

Current maturities of long-term debt
309


560

Other current liabilities
834


871

Total current liabilities
7,972


7,662

Noncurrent liabilities



Long-term debt
3,890


3,876

Pension benefits
1,059


1,074

Postretirement benefits
329


334

Other noncurrent liabilities
455


479

Total noncurrent liabilities
5,733


5,763

Stockholders’ equity



Common stock, $1 par value, 250 million shares authorized, 111 million shares issued, and 74 million shares outstanding, respectively
111


111

Additional paid-in capital
2,704


2,672

Retained earnings
7,394


7,314

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(2,319
)

(2,400
)
Treasury stock, 37 million shares, respectively
(3,074
)

(2,924
)
Total Whirlpool stockholders’ equity
4,816


4,773

Noncontrolling interests
959


955

Total stockholders’ equity
5,775


5,728

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
19,480


$
19,153


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


4


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIODS ENDED MARCH 31
(Millions of dollars)
 

Three Months Ended

2017

2016
Operating activities



Net earnings
$
158


$
156

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:



Depreciation and amortization
163


168

Changes in assets and liabilities:



Accounts receivable
14


(107
)
Inventories
(415
)

(398
)
Accounts payable
(159
)

(228
)
Accrued advertising and promotions
(228
)

(200
)
Accrued expenses and current liabilities
6


(30
)
Taxes deferred and payable, net
(38
)

(21
)
Accrued pension and postretirement benefits
(18
)

(19
)
Employee compensation
65


13

Other
17


5

Cash used in operating activities
(435
)

(661
)
Investing activities



Capital expenditures
(88
)

(85
)
Proceeds from sale of assets and business
3


4

Change in restricted cash
23


3

Other
(1
)

(15
)
Cash used in investing activities
(63
)

(93
)
Financing activities



Repayments of long-term debt
(255
)

(5
)
Net proceeds from short-term borrowings
800


966

Dividends paid
(73
)

(69
)
Repurchase of common stock
(150
)

(225
)
Common stock issued
23


3

Other
(6
)


Cash provided by financing activities
339


670

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
25


11

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(134
)

(73
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,085


772

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
951


$
699


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


5


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
( 1 )     BASIS OF PRESENTATION
General Information
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information or footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. As a result, this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 .
Management believes that the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the interim periods.
We have eliminated all material intercompany transactions in our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. We do not consolidate the financial statements of any company in which we have an ownership interest of 50% or less, unless that company is deemed to be a variable interest entity ("VIE") of which we are the primary beneficiary. Certain VIEs are consolidated when the company is the primary beneficiary of these entities and has the ability to directly impact the activities of these entities.
We are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements and accompanying Notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Certain prior year amounts in the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
In 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost". The guidance in ASU 2017-07 requires that the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost for pension and postretirement benefits is recorded in the same income statement line items as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Service cost is included in cost of products sold and selling, general and administrative expense. The other components of net periodic pension cost and postretirement benefits cost (other components of net periodic cost) are recorded in interest and sundry (income) expense in 2017. We retrospectively adopted the new accounting standard. As of March 31, 2017 the reclassification of other components of net periodic cost, from cost of products sold and selling, general and administrative expense to interest and sundry (income) expense was immaterial. For the full year ended December 31, 2016 , the reclassification of other components of net periodic cost, from cost of products sold and selling, general and administrative expense to interest and sundry (income) expense was approximately $14 million. For the full year ended December 31, 2015 , the reclassification of other components of net periodic cost from cost of products sold and selling, general and administrative expense resulted in a decrease in operating profit of approximately $43 million with an offset to interest and sundry (income) expense. The reclassifications were calculated based on previously disclosed amounts. The Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income have been recast to reflect the retrospective adoption of this standard.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, "Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting: Topic 718". The guidance simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification of excess tax benefits in the consolidated statements of cash flows. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company elected to early-adopt ASU 2016-09 in the fourth quarter of 2016 retrospectively to January 1, 2016. For the period ended March 31, 2016, there was no material impact to diluted weighted average common shares outstanding or earnings per share ("EPS'). The Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income have been recast to reflect the retrospective adoption of this standard.

All other issued and effective accounting standards during 2017 were not relevant to the Company.
Accounting Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Effective
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)". The guidance in ASU 2016-02 supersedes the lease recognition requirements in ASC Topic 840, Leases (FAS 13). The new standard establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within


6



those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. Early adoption of the amendments in the update is permitted. In 2016, we established a global project management team to analyze the impact of this standard by reviewing our current accounting policies and practices in each reporting segment to identify potential impacts that would result from the application of this standard. We determined changes are required to our business processes, systems and controls to effectively report leases and disclosure under the new standard. Based on our evaluation, we expect to adopt the requirements of the new standard in the first quarter of 2019.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment". The guidance in ASU 2017-04 eliminates the requirement to determine the fair value of individual assets and liabilities of a reporting unit to measure goodwill impairment. Under the amendments in the new ASU, goodwill impairment testing will be performed by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognizing an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The new standard is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and should be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for annual or interim goodwill impairment testing performed after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.
FASB has issued the following standards, which are not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements:
Standard
 
Effective Date (a)
2014-09
Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (b)
January 1, 2018
2016-01

Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities
January 1, 2018
(a) Represents date standard becomes effective as indicated in the respective ASU.  
(b) In 2014, we established a global project management team to analyze the impact of this standard by reviewing our current accounting policies and practices in each reporting segment to identify potential differences that would result from the application of this standard. We determined minimal changes are required to our business processes, systems and controls to effectively report revenue recognition and disclosure under the new standard. Based on our evaluation, we expect to adopt the requirements of the new standard in the first quarter of 2018 and anticipate using the modified retrospective transition method.  

All other issued and not yet effective accounting standards are not relevant to the Company.
( 2 )     FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is measured based on an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on a market valuation approach using prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. As a basis for considering such assumptions, a three-tiered fair value hierarchy is established, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable, either directly or indirectly; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. We had no (Level 3) assets or liabilities at March 31, 2017 .
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are as follows:






Fair Value


Total Cost Basis

Level 1

Level 2

Total
Millions of dollars

2017

2016

2017

2016

2017

2016

2017

2016
Money market funds (1)

$
10


$
29


$
10


$
29


$


$


$
10


$
29

Net derivative contracts









(4
)

41


(4
)

41

Available for sale investments

4


4


14


16






14


16

(1) Money market funds are comprised primarily of government obligations and other first tier obligations.


7


Other Fair Value Measurements
The fair value of long-term debt (including current maturities) was $4.3 billion and $4.5 billion at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively, and was estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements (Level 2 input).
( 3 )     INVENTORIES
The following table summarizes our inventory for the periods presented:
Millions of dollars

March 31,
2017

December 31,
2016
Finished products

$
2,489


$
2,070

Raw materials and work in process

684


651



3,173


2,721

Less: excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost

(97
)

(98
)
Total inventories

$
3,076


$
2,623

LIFO inventories represented 38% and 37% of total inventories at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively.
( 4 )     PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT
The following table summarizes our property, plant and equipment as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 :
Millions of dollars

March 31,
2017

December 31,
2016
Land

$
128


$
128

Buildings

1,632


1,652

Machinery and equipment

8,213


8,085

Accumulated depreciation

(6,181
)

(6,055
)
Property, plant and equipment, net

$
3,792


$
3,810

During the three months ended March 31, 2017 , we disposed of buildings, machinery and equipment no longer in use with historical cost of $88 million and related accumulated depreciation of $75 million .
( 5 )     FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
Debt
On March 1, 2017, $250 million of 1.35% senior notes matured and were repaid. On July 15, 2016, $244 million of 7.75% notes matured and were repaid. On June 15, 2016, $250 million of 6.50% senior notes matured and were repaid.
On May 23, 2016 , we completed a debt offering of $500 million principal amount of 4.50% notes due in 2046 . The notes contain covenants that limit our ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The notes are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-203704) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 29, 2015.
On November 2, 2016, Whirlpool Finance Luxembourg S.à. r.l., an indirect, wholly-owned finance subsidiary of Whirlpool Corporation, completed a debt offering of €500 million (approximately $555 million as of the date of issuance) principal amount of 1.250% notes due in 2026. The Company has fully and unconditionally guaranteed these notes. The notes contain covenants that limit Whirlpool Corporation's ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions.  In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The notes are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-203704-1) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2016.


8



On May 17, 2016, we and certain of our subsidiaries entered into a Third Amended and Restated Long-Term Credit Agreement (the “Amended Long-Term Facility”). The Amended Long-Term Facility provides aggregate borrowing capacity of $2.5 billion.
The interest and fee rates payable with respect to the Amended Long-Term Facility based on our current debt rating are as follows: (1) the spread over LIBOR is 1.125%; (2) the spread over prime is 0.125%; and (3) the unused commitment fee is 0.125%. The Amended Long-Term Facility contains customary covenants and warranties including, among other things, a debt to capitalization ratio of less than or equal to 0.60 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, and a rolling twelve month interest coverage ratio required to be greater than or equal to 3.0 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter. In addition, the covenants limit our ability to (or to permit any subsidiaries to), subject to various exceptions and limitations: (i) merge with other companies; (ii) create liens on our property; (iii) incur debt or off-balance sheet obligations at the subsidiary level; (iv) enter into transactions with affiliates, except on an arms-length basis; (v) enter into agreements restricting the payment of subsidiary dividends or restricting the making of loans or repayment of debt by subsidiaries to the Company or other subsidiaries; and (vi) enter into agreements restricting the creation of liens on our assets.
In addition to the committed $2.5 billion Amended Long-Term Facility, we have a committed European facility and committed credit facilities in Brazil. The European facility provides borrowings up to €250 million (approximately $267 million at March 31, 2017 and $263 million at December 31, 2016 ), maturing in 2019. The committed credit facilities in Brazil provide borrowings up to 1.0 billion Brazilian reais (approximately $316 million at March 31, 2017 and $307 million at December 31, 2016 ) , maturing through 2018.
We had no borrowings outstanding under the committed credit facilities at  March 31, 2017  or December 31, 2016 .
Notes Payable
Notes payable, which consist of short-term borrowings payable to banks or commercial paper, are generally used to fund working capital requirements. The fair value of our notes payable approximates the carrying amount due to the short maturity of these obligations. The following table summarizes the carrying value of notes payable at  March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively.
Millions of dollars
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Commercial paper
 
735

 

Short-term borrowings to banks
 
99

 
34

Total notes payable
 
$
834

 
$
34

( 6 )     COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Embraco Antitrust Matters
Beginning in February 2009, our compressor business headquartered in Brazil ("Embraco") was notified of antitrust investigations of the global compressor industry by government authorities in various jurisdictions. Embraco has resolved government investigations in various jurisdictions as well as all related civil lawsuits in the United States and no payments are owed in connection with such resolutions. Embraco also has resolved certain other claims and certain claims remain pending. Additional lawsuits could be filed.
At March 31, 2017 , a nominal amount remains accrued. We continue to defend these actions and take other steps to minimize our potential exposure. The final outcome and impact of these matters, and any related claims and investigations that may be brought in the future are subject to many variables, and cannot be predicted. We establish accruals only for those matters where we determine that a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with these matters, such costs could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.


9


BEFIEX Credits and Other Brazil Tax Matters
In previous years, our Brazilian operations earned tax credits under the Brazilian government’s export incentive program (BEFIEX). These credits reduced Brazilian federal excise taxes on domestic sales, resulting in an increase in the operations' recorded net sales, as the credits were monetized. We did not monetize any BEFIEX credits during the three months ended March 31, 2017 or 2016 . We began recognizing BEFIEX credits in accordance with prior favorable court decisions allowing for the credits to be recognized. We recognized export credits as they were monetized.
In December 2013, the Brazilian government reinstituted the monetary adjustment index applicable to BEFIEX credits that existed prior to July 2009, when the Brazilian government required companies to apply a different monetary adjustment index to BEFIEX credits. As of March 31, 2017 , no BEFIEX credits deemed to be available prior to this action remained to be monetized. Whether use of the reinstituted index should be given retroactive effect for the July 2009 to December 2013 period has been subject to review by the Brazilian courts. If the reinstituted index is given retroactive effect, we would be entitled to recognize additional credits. We are awaiting the resolution of additional proceedings on the retroactive effect of the reinstituted index.
Our Brazilian operations have received governmental assessments related to claims for income and social contribution taxes associated with certain monetized BEFIEX credits. We do not believe BEFIEX export credits are subject to income or social contribution taxes. We are disputing these tax matters in various courts and intend to vigorously defend our positions. We have not provided for income or social contribution taxes on these export credits, and based on the opinions of tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments as of March 31, 2017 . The total amount of outstanding tax assessments received for income and social contribution taxes relating to the BEFIEX credits, including interest and penalties, is approximately 1.8 billion Brazilian reais (approximately $567 million as of March 31, 2017 ).
Relying on existing Brazilian legal precedent, in 2003 and 2004, we recognized tax credits in an aggregate amount of $26 million , adjusted for currency, on the purchase of raw materials used in production (“IPI tax credits”). The Brazilian tax authority subsequently challenged the recording of IPI tax credits. No credits have been recognized since 2004. In 2009, we entered into a Brazilian government program which provided extended payment terms and reduced penalties and interest to encourage tax payers to resolve this and certain other disputed tax credit amounts. As permitted by the program, we elected to settle certain debts through the use of other existing tax credits and recorded charges of approximately $34 million in 2009 associated with these matters. In July 2012, the Brazilian revenue authority notified us that a portion of our proposed settlement was rejected and we received tax assessments of 234 million Brazilian reais (approximately $74 million as of March 31, 2017 ), reflecting interest and penalties to date. We are disputing these assessments and we intend to vigorously defend our position. Based on the opinion of our tax and legal advisors, we have not recorded an additional reserve related to these matters.
In 2001, Brazil adopted a law making the profits of controlled foreign corporations of Brazilian entities subject to income and social contribution tax regardless of whether the profits were repatriated ("CFC Tax"). Our Brazilian subsidiary, along with other corporations, challenged tax assessments on foreign profits on constitutionality and other grounds. In April 2013, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled on one of our cases, finding that the law is constitutional, but remanding the case to a lower court for consideration of other arguments raised in our appeal, including the existence of tax treaties with jurisdictions in which controlled foreign corporations are domiciled. As of March 31, 2017 , our potential exposure for income and social contribution taxes relating to profits of controlled foreign corporations, including interest and penalties and net of expected foreign tax credits, is approximately 215 million Brazilian reais (approximately $68 million as of March 31, 2017 ). We believe these assessments are without merit and we intend to continue to vigorously dispute them. Based on the opinion of our tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments as of March 31, 2017 .
In addition to the IPI tax credit and CFC Tax matters noted above, we are currently disputing other assessments issued by the Brazilian tax authorities related to non-income and income tax matters, including for the monetization of BEFIEX credits and other matters, which are at various stages of review in numerous administrative and judicial proceedings. The amounts related to these assessments will continue to be increased by monetary adjustments at the Selic rate, which is the benchmark rate set by the Brazilian Central Bank. In accordance with our accounting policies, we routinely assess these matters and, when necessary, record our best estimate of a loss. We believe these tax assessments are without merit and are vigorously defending our positions.
Litigation is inherently unpredictable and the conclusion of these matters may take many years to ultimately resolve. Accordingly, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome in these proceedings could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.


10


Other Litigation
We have vigorously defended against numerous lawsuits pending in the United States relating to certain of our front load washing machines.  In 2016, we reached final agreement on a settlement that will resolve all such class action lawsuits (except for attorneys fee in an immaterial case) and received court approval. We are proceeding through the administrative consumer claims process to implement the terms of the settlement, which will be complete in 2017.
In addition, we are currently vigorously defending a number of other lawsuits in federal and state courts in the United States related to the manufacturing and sale of our products which include class action allegations, and have and may become involved in similar actions in other jurisdictions. These lawsuits allege claims which include negligence, breach of contract, breach of warranty, product liability and safety claims, false advertising, fraud, and violation of federal and state regulations, including consumer protection laws. In general, we do not have insurance coverage for class action lawsuits. We are also involved in various other legal actions in the United States and other jurisdictions around the world arising in the normal course of business, for which insurance coverage may or may not be available depending on the nature of the action. We dispute the merits of these suits and actions, and intend to vigorously defend them. Management believes, based upon its current knowledge, after taking into consideration legal counsel's evaluation of such suits and actions, and after taking into account current litigation accruals, that the outcome of these matters currently pending against Whirlpool should not have a material adverse effect, if any, on our financial statements.
Competition Investigation
In 2013, the French Competition Authority commenced an investigation of appliance manufacturers and retailers in France. The investigation includes (among others) Whirlpool and Indesit operations in France. Although it is currently not possible to assess the impact, if any, this matter may have on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements, the resolution of this matter could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.
Product Warranty and Legacy Product Corrective Action Reserves
Product warranty reserves are included in other current and other noncurrent liabilities in our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes the changes in total product warranty and legacy product warranty liability reserves for the periods presented:


Product Warranty

Legacy Product Warranty

Total
Millions of dollars

2017

2016

2017

2016

2017

2016
Balance at January 1

$
251


$
239


$
69


$
254


$
320


$
493

Issuances/accruals during the period

87


76






87


76

Settlements made during the period/other

(89
)

(67
)

(26
)

(37
)

(115
)

(104
)
Balance at March 31

$
249


$
248


$
43


$
217


$
292


$
465




















Current portion

$
184


$
191


$
43


$
167


$
227


$
358

Non-current portion

65


57




50


65


107

Total

$
249


$
248


$
43


$
217


$
292


$
465

In the normal course of business, we engage in investigations of potential quality and safety issues. As part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to consumers, we are currently investigating a limited number of potential quality and safety issues globally. As necessary, we undertake to effect repair or replacement of appliances in the event that an investigation leads to the conclusion that such action is warranted. As part of that process, in 2015, Whirlpool engaged in thorough investigations of incident reports associated with two of its dryer production platforms developed by Indesit, prior to Whirlpool's acquisition of Indesit in October 2014. This led to Indesit reporting the issue to regulatory authorities for consideration. These discussions determined that corrective action of the affected dryers was required. In September 2015, we recorded a liability related to this corrective action cost of €245 million (approximately $274 million as of September 30, 2015). The establishment of this liability is based on several assumptions such as customer response rate, consumer options, field repair costs, inventory repair costs, and timing of tax deductibility. Our experience with respect to these factors may cause our actual costs to differ significantly from our estimated costs. Cash settlements related to this corrective action are recognized in other operating activities in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows. In the three months ended March 31, 2017 , Whirlpool had $23 million of cash expenditures related to the corrective action.


11


Guarantees
We have guarantee arrangements in a Brazilian subsidiary. As a standard business practice in Brazil, the subsidiary guarantees customer lines of credit at commercial banks to support purchases following its normal credit policies. If a customer were to default on its line of credit with the bank, our subsidiary would be required to satisfy the obligation with the bank and the receivable would revert back to the subsidiary. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , the guaranteed amounts totaled $258 million , respectively. Our subsidiary insures against credit risk for these guarantees, under normal operating conditions, through policies purchased from high-quality underwriters.
We provide guarantees of indebtedness and lines of credit for various consolidated subsidiaries. The maximum contractual amount of indebtedness and credit facilities available under these lines for consolidated subsidiaries totaled $2.3 billion at March 31, 2017 and $2.4 billion at December 31, 2016 . Our total outstanding bank indebtedness under guarantees was $49 million at March 31, 2017 and $32 million December 31, 2016 , respectively.
We have guaranteed a  $39 million five -year revolving credit facility between certain financial institutions and a not-for-profit entity in connection with a community and economic development project (“Harbor Shores”). The credit facility, which originated in 2008, was refinanced in December 2012 and we renewed our guarantee through 2017. It was also amended in 2016 and 2017 by Harbor Shores and reduced to $40 million and $39 million , respectively. The fair value of the guarantee was nominal at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , respectively. The purpose of Harbor Shores is to stimulate employment and growth in the areas of Benton Harbor and St. Joseph, Michigan. In the event of default, we must satisfy the guarantee of the credit facility up to the amount borrowed at the date of default.
( 7 )     HEDGES AND DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Derivative instruments are accounted for at fair value based on market rates. Derivatives where we elect hedge accounting are designated as either cash flow or fair value hedges. Derivatives that are not accounted for based on hedge accounting are marked to market through earnings. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative depends on the intended use and designation of the derivative instrument. Hedging ineffectiveness and a net earnings impact occur when the change in the fair value of the hedge does not offset the change in the fair value of the hedged item. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is recognized in earnings.
Using derivative instruments means assuming counterparty credit risk. Counterparty credit risk relates to the loss we could incur if a counterparty were to default on a derivative contract. We generally deal with investment grade counterparties and monitor the overall credit risk and exposure to individual counterparties. We do not anticipate nonperformance by any counterparties. The amount of counterparty credit exposure is limited to the unrealized gains, if any, on such derivative contracts. We do not require nor do we post collateral or security on such contracts.
Hedging Strategy
In the normal course of business, we manage risks relating to our ongoing business operations including those arising from changes in foreign exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices. Fluctuations in these rates and prices can affect our operating results and financial condition. We use a variety of strategies, including the use of derivative instruments, to manage these risks. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
We incur expenses associated with the procurement and production of products in a limited number of countries, while we sell in the local currencies of a large number of countries. Our primary foreign currency exchange exposures result from cross-currency sales of products. As a result, we enter into foreign exchange contracts to hedge certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions to acquire products and services that are denominated in foreign currencies.
We enter into certain undesignated non-functional currency asset and liability hedges that relate primarily to short-term payables, receivables and intercompany loans. These forecasted cross-currency cash flows relate primarily to foreign currency denominated expenditures and intercompany financing agreements, royalty agreements and dividends. When we hedge a foreign currency denominated payable or receivable with a derivative, the effect of changes in the foreign exchange rates are reflected currently in interest and sundry (income) expense for both the payable/receivable and the derivative. Therefore, as a result of the economic hedge, we do not elect hedge accounting.
Commodity Price Risk


12


We enter into commodity derivative contracts on various commodities to manage the price risk associated with forecasted purchases of materials used in our manufacturing process. The objective of these hedges is to reduce the variability of cash flows associated with the forecasted purchase of commodities.
Interest Rate Risk
We may enter into interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk exposure. Our interest rate swap agreements, if any, effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk, primarily through converting certain floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, and certain fixed rate debt to a floating rate basis. These agreements involve either the receipt or payment of floating rate amounts in exchange for fixed rate interest payments or receipts, respectively, over the life of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amounts. We also may utilize a cross-currency interest rate swap agreement to manage our exposure relating to certain intercompany debt denominated in one foreign currency that will be repaid in another foreign currency. At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , there were no outstanding interest rate swap agreements.
We may enter into treasury rate lock agreements to effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk by locking in interest rates on probable long-term debt issuances.
Net Investment Hedging
We primarily use foreign currency denominated debt to hedge our investments in certain foreign subsidiaries. In the first quarter of 2017 and in the fourth quarter of 2016, we designated approximately €400 million and €700 million , respectively, of foreign currency denominated debt instruments as net investment hedges. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , the outstanding principal amount of foreign currency denominated debt instruments designated as net investment hedges totaled €800 million and €500 million , respectively.
The following table summarizes our foreign currency denominated debt designated as net investment hedges at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 :
 
 
Notional (Local)
 
Notional (USD)
 
Maturity
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
Instrument
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior note - 0.625%
 
500

 
500

 
$
534

 
$
527

 
March 2020
Commercial Paper
 
300

 

 
$
320

 
$

 
April 2017
For instruments that are designated and qualify as a net investment hedge, the effective portion of the instruments' gain or loss is reported as a component of OCI and recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. The gain or loss will be subsequently reclassified into net earnings when the hedged net investment is either sold or substantially liquidated. The remaining change in fair value of the hedge instruments represents the ineffective portion, which is immediately recognized in interest and sundry (income) expense on our consolidated statements of income. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 , there was no ineffectiveness on hedges designated as net investment hedges.


13


The following table summarizes our outstanding derivative contracts and their effects on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 :
 

 

Fair Value of

Type 
of
Hedge
(1)

 


Notional Amount

Hedge Assets

Hedge Liabilities

Maximum Term (Months)
Millions of dollars

2017

2016

2017

2016

2017

2016

 

2017

2016
Derivatives accounted for as hedges


















Foreign exchange forwards/options

$
2,089


$
1,813


$
29


$
32


$
19


$
10


(CF)

55

58
Commodity swaps/options

291


299


17


7


3


11


(CF)

45

36
Total derivatives accounted for as hedges





$
46


$
39


$
22


$
21







Derivatives not accounted for as hedges


















Foreign exchange forwards/options

$
2,771


$
3,262


$
13


$
39


$
41


$
16


N/A

32

35
Commodity swaps/options

1


2










N/A

10

2
Total derivatives not accounted for as hedges





13


39


41


16







Total derivatives





$
59


$
78


$
63


$
37






























Current





$
33


$
54


$
62


$
35







Noncurrent





26


24


1


2







Total derivatives





$
59


$
78


$
63


$
37







(1) Derivatives accounted for as hedges are considered cash flow (CF) hedges.
The decrease in the notional amount of derivatives is due to decreased inter-company funding activity.
The following tables summarize the effects of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain (Loss) Reclassified from
OCI into Earnings
(Effective Portion)  (1)
 
Cash Flow Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
Foreign exchange forwards/options
 
$
(10
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
9

(a)
Commodity swaps/options
 
15

 
12

 
10

 
(16
)
(a)
 
 
$
5

 
$
(4
)
 
$
5

 
$
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain Recognized on Derivatives not
Accounted for as Hedges (2)
 
Derivatives not Accounted for as Hedges - Millions of dollars
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Foreign exchange forwards/options
 
 
 
 
 
$
(38
)
 
$
(43
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Gains and losses reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI) and recognized in income are recorded in (a) cost of products sold or (b) interest expense.
(2) Mark to market gains and losses recognized in income are recorded in interest and sundry (income) expense.
For cash flow hedges, the amount of ineffectiveness recognized in interest and sundry (income) expense was nominal for the periods ended March 31 , 2017 and 2016 . There were no hedges designated as fair value for the periods ended March 31 , 2017 and 2016 . The net amount of unrealized gain or loss on derivative instruments included in accumulated OCI related to contracts maturing and expected to be realized during the next twelve months is a loss of $35 million at March 31, 2017 .


14


( 8 )     STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes our other comprehensive income (loss) and related tax effects for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Millions of dollars
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
 
Pre-tax
Tax Effect
Net
Currency translation adjustments
 
$
74

$

$
74

 
$
124

$

$
124

Cash flow hedges
 
3

(3
)

 
3

1

4

Pension and other postretirement benefits plans
 
9

(1
)
8

 
46

(18
)
28

Available for sale securities
 
(2
)

(2
)
 



Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
84

(4
)
80

 
173

(17
)
156

Less: Other comprehensive (income) loss available to noncontrolling interests
 
(1
)

(1
)
 
1


1

Other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool
 
$
85

$
(4
)
$
81

 
$
172

$
(17
)
$
155

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table provides the reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), by component, which was included in net earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2017 :
Millions of dollars
 
(Gain) Loss Reclassified
 
Classification in Earnings
Cash flow hedges, pre-tax
 
$
(5
)
 
Cost of products sold
Pension and postretirement benefits, pre-tax
 
9

 
Interest and sundry (income) expense
The following table summarizes the changes in stockholders’ equity for the period presented:
Millions of dollars
 
Total
 
Whirlpool
Common
Stockholders
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
Stockholders' equity, December 31, 2016
 
$
5,728

 
$
4,773

 
$
955

Net earnings
 
158

 
153

 
5

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
80

 
81

 
(1
)
Comprehensive income
 
238

 
234

 
4

Treasury stock
 
(150
)
 
(150
)
 

Additional paid-in capital
 
32

 
32

 

Dividends declared on common stock
 
(73
)
 
(73
)
 

Stockholders' equity, March 31, 2017
 
$
5,775

 
$
4,816

 
$
959



15


Net Earnings per Share
Diluted net earnings per share of common stock include the dilutive effect of stock options and other share-based compensation plans. Basic and diluted net earnings per share of common stock for the periods presented were calculated as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Millions of dollars and shares
 
2017
 
2016
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share - Net earnings available to Whirlpool
 
$
153

 
$
150

Denominator for basic earnings per share - weighted-average shares
 
74.8

 
77.3

Effect of dilutive securities – share-based compensation
 
1.2

 
1.0

Denominator for diluted earnings per share – adjusted weighted-average shares
 
76.0

 
78.3

Anti-dilutive stock options/awards excluded from earnings per share
 
0.5

 
0.4

Share Repurchase Program
On April 18, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $1 billion . During the three months ended March 31, 2017 , we repurchased 843,300 shares under this share repurchase program at an aggregate purchase price of approximately $150 million . As of March 31, 2017 , there were approximately $550 million in remaining funds authorized under this program, which has no expiration date.
Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. The program does not obligate us to repurchase any of our shares .
( 9 )     RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
We periodically take action to improve operating efficiencies, typically in connection with business acquisitions or changes in the economic environment. Our footprint and headcount reductions and organizational integration actions relate to discrete, unique restructuring events, primarily reflected in the following plans:
In the second quarter of 2015, we committed to a restructuring plan to integrate our Italian legacy operations with those of Indesit. The industrial restructuring plan, which was approved by the relevant labor unions in July 2015 and signed by the Italian government in August 2015, provides for the closure or repurposing of certain manufacturing facilities and headcount reductions at other facilities. In addition, the restructuring plan provides for headcount reductions in the salaried employee workforce. We estimate that we will incur up to €179 million (approximately $191 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in employee-related costs, €25 million (approximately $27 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in asset impairment costs, and €37 million (approximately $40 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in other associated costs in connection with these actions. These actions will be substantially complete in 2019. We estimate €209 million (approximately $223 million as of March 31, 2017 ) of the estimated €241 million (approximately $257 million as of March 31, 2017 ) total cost will result in cash expenditures.
On January 24, 2017 the Company and certain of its subsidiary companies began consultations with certain works councils and other regulatory agencies in connection with the Company’s proposal to restructure its EMEA dryer manufacturing operations.  Company management authorized the initiation of such consultations on December 30, 2016.  These actions are expected to result in changing the operations at the Company's Yate, U.K. facility to focus on manufacturing for U.K. consumer needs only; ending production in 2018 in Amiens, France; and concentrating the production of dryers for non-U.K. consumer needs in Lodz, Poland. The Company anticipates that approximately 500 positions would be impacted by these actions. The Company expects these actions to be substantially complete in 2018. The Company estimates that it will incur up to approximately €59 million (approximately $63 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in employee-related costs, approximately €11 million (approximately $11 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in asset impairment costs, and approximately €10 million (approximately $11 million as of March 31, 2017 ) in other associated costs in connection with these actions.  The Company estimates that approximately €69 million (approximately $73 million as of March 31, 2017 ) of the estimated €79 million (approximately $85 million as of March 31, 2017 ) total cost will result in future cash expenditures. 


16


The following table summarizes the change to our restructuring liability for the period ended March 31, 2017 :


Millions of dollars
December 31,
2016
Charge to Earnings
Cash Paid
Non-cash
and Other
March 31,
2017
Employee termination costs
$
71

$
17

$
(26
)
$

$
62

Asset impairment costs

12


(12
)

Facility exit costs
2

8

(4
)

6

Other exit costs
14

9

(1
)

22

Total
$
87

$
46

$
(31
)
$
(12
)
$
90

The following table summarizes the restructuring charges by operating segment as of March 31, 2017 :
Millions of dollars
 
March 31,
2017
North America
 
$
3

EMEA
 
37

Latin America
 
4

Asia
 
1

Corporate / Other
 
1

Total
 
$
46

( 10 )     INCOME TAXES
Income tax expense was $40 million and $59 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 , respectively . For the three months ended March 31, 2017 , changes in the effective tax rate from the prior period include tax planning strategies made available in the first quarter of 2017 .
The Company plans to distribute certain foreign earnings during 2017 and over the next several years. The 2017 distribution is forecasted to result in tax benefits that have been included in the Company's estimated annual and first quarter effective tax rate. The tax benefit to distributions that may be made in 2018 and beyond has not been recorded largely due to the distribution's contingent nature. The 2017 first quarter tax benefit has been disclosed in the Company's effective tax rate reconciliation.
The following table summarizes the difference between income tax expense at the United States statutory rate of 35% and the income tax expense at effective worldwide tax rates for the respective periods:

Three Months Ended March 31,
Millions of dollars
2017

2016
Earnings before income taxes
$
198


$
215





Income tax expense computed at United States statutory tax rate
69


75

U.S. foreign income items, net of credits
(19
)

(5
)
Foreign government tax incentive
(2
)

(2
)
Other
(8
)

(9
)
Income tax expense computed at effective worldwide tax rates
$
40


$
59

At the end of each interim period, we make our best estimate of the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year and the impact of discrete items, if any, and adjust the quarterly rate as necessary.


17


( 11 )     PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
The following table summarizes the components of net periodic pension cost and the cost of other postretirement benefits for the periods presented:


Three Months Ended March 31,


United States
Pension Benefits

Foreign
Pension Benefits

Other Postretirement
Benefits
Millions of dollars

2017

2016

2017

2016

2017

2016
Service cost

$
1


$
1


$
1


$
1


$
2


$
2

Interest cost

34


37


5


7


4


4

Expected return on plan assets

(44
)

(47
)

(7
)

(8
)




Amortization:












Actuarial loss

12


12


2


1





Prior service credit

(1
)

(1
)





(4
)

(4
)
Settlement and curtailment loss








1





Net periodic cost

$
2


$
2


$
1


$
2


$
2


$
2

The following table summarizes the net periodic cost recognized in operating profit and interest and sundry (income) expense for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
United States
Pension Benefits
 
Foreign
Pension Benefits
 
Other Postretirement
Benefits
Millions of dollars
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Operating profit
 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
2

 
$
2

Interest and sundry (income) expense
 
1

 
1

 

 
1

 

 

Net periodic cost
 
$
2

 
$
2

 
$
1

 
$
2

 
$
2

 
$
2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
During the second quarter 2011, we modified retiree medical benefits for certain retirees to be consistent with those benefits provided by the Whirlpool Corporation Group Benefit Plan. We accounted for these changes as a plan amendment in 2011, resulting in a reduction in the postretirement benefit obligation of $ 138 million , of which approximately $104 million  of benefit has been recognized in net earnings since 2011, with an offset to accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax. In response, a group of retirees initiated legal proceedings against Whirlpool asserting the above benefits are vested and changes to the plan are not permitted. We disagree with plaintiffs' assertion and are continuing to vigorously defend our position, including through any necessary appeal process. However, an unfavorable final result could require us to immediately reverse the benefit we have recognized to that point, and remeasure the associated postretirement benefit obligation, the impact of which will depend on timing and the actuarial assumptions then in effect.
( 12 )     OPERATING SEGMENT INFORMATION
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated on a regular basis by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources to an individual segment and in assessing performance.
We identify such segments based upon geographical regions of operations because each operating segment manufactures home appliances and related components, but serves strategically different markets. The chief operating decision maker evaluates performance based upon each segment’s operating income, which is defined as income before interest and sundry (income) expense, interest expense, income taxes, noncontrolling interests, intangible asset impairment and restructuring costs. Total assets by segment are those assets directly associated with the respective operating activities. The “Other/Eliminations” column primarily includes corporate expenses, assets and eliminations, as well as restructuring costs and intangible asset impairments, if any. Intersegment sales are eliminated within each region except compressor sales out of Latin America, which are included in Other/Eliminations.


18


The tables below summarize performance by operating segment for the periods presented:


Three Months Ended March 31,
 

OPERATING SEGMENTS

Millions of dollars

North
America

EMEA

Latin
America

Asia

Other/
Eliminations

Total
Whirlpool
Net sales












2017

$
2,565


$
1,033


$
818


$
419


$
(49
)

$
4,786

2016

2,410


1,173


705


371


(43
)

4,616

Intersegment sales












2017

51


19


49


61


(180
)


2016

49


15


50


62


(176
)


Depreciation and amortization


















2017

64


48


20


17


14


163

2016

65


47


16


16


24


168

Operating profit (loss)












2017

287


(17
)

68


23


(97
)

264

2016

250


55


43


25


(88
)

285

Total assets


















March 31, 2017

7,912


7,233


2,692


2,889


(1,246
)

19,480

December 31, 2016

8,009


7,497


2,601


2,788


(1,742
)

19,153

Capital expenditures












2017

38


13


20


9


8


88

2016

30


18


19


6


12


85

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




19


ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
ABOUT WHIRLPOOL
Whirlpool is the number one major appliance manufacturer in the world with net sales of approximately $21 billion in 2016 . We are a leading producer of major home appliances in North America, Europe and Latin America, and have a significant presence throughout China and India. We have received worldwide recognition for accomplishments in a variety of business and social efforts, including leadership, diversity, innovative product design, business ethics, social responsibility and community involvement. We conduct our business through four reportable segments, which we define based on geography. Our reportable segments consist of North America, Europe, Middle East and Africa ("EMEA"), Latin America, and Asia. Our customer base includes large, sophisticated trade customers who have many choices and demand competitive products, services and prices. The major home appliance industry operates in a competitive environment, reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers.
We monitor country-specific economic factors such as gross domestic product, unemployment, consumer confidence, retail trends, housing starts and completions, sales of existing homes and mortgage interest rates as key indicators of industry demand. In addition to profitability, we also focus on country, brand, product and channel sales when assessing and forecasting financial results.
Our leading portfolio of brands includes Whirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Embraco, Brastemp, Consul and Indesit. Our global branded consumer products strategy is to introduce innovative new products, increase brand customer loyalty, expand our presence outside the United States, enhance our trade management platform, improve total cost and quality by expanding and leveraging our global operating platform and, where appropriate, make strategic acquisitions and investments.
As we grow revenues in our core products, our strategy is to extend our business by offering products and services that are dependent on and related to our core business and expand into adjacent products, such as Affresh cleaners and Gladiator GarageWorks , through businesses that leverage our core competencies and business infrastructure.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table summarizes the consolidated results of operations for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Consolidated - Millions of dollars, except per share data
 
2017
 
2016
 
Better/(Worse)
Net sales
 
$4,786
 
$4,616
 
3.7%
Gross margin
 
826
 
823
 
0.4%
Selling, general and administrative
 
499
 
473
 
(5.5)%
Restructuring costs
 
46
 
47
 
1.8%
Interest and sundry (income) expense
 
25
 
32
 
21.9%
Interest expense
 
41
 
38
 
(6.8)%
Income tax expense
 
40
 
59
 
32.9%
Net earnings available to Whirlpool
 
153
 
150
 
1.8%
Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool per share
 
$2.01
 
$1.92
 
4.6%

       




     


20


Consolidated Net Sales
The following tables summarize units sold and consolidated net sales by region for the periods ended March 31 :
WHR3312017_CHART-27872.JPG
WHR3312017_CHART-29833.JPG


21


Consolidated net sales increase d 3.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . The increase for the three months ended was primarily driven by unit volume growth and the favorable impact of foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2017 increased 3.0% compared to the same period in 2016 .
We provide the percentage change in net sales, excluding the impact of foreign currency, as a supplement to the change in net sales determined by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") to provide stockholders with a clearer basis to assess Whirlpool's results over time. This measure is considered a non-GAAP financial measure and is calculated by translating the current period net sales in functional currency, to U.S. dollars using prior-year's exchange rate compared to the prior-year period net sales.
Significant regional trends were as follows:
North America net sales increase d 6.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . The increase for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was primarily driven by increased unit volume s partially offset by foreign currency. Excluding the impact from foreign currency, net sales increased 6.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 .
EMEA net sales decrease d 12.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . EMEA experienced peak integration complexity due to headquarters integration, including legal entity mergers and systems implementation, which led to a temporary disruption in the region's supply chain network and product availability. EMEA's operating performance was also negatively impacted by currency and demand weakness in the U.K. associated with the Brexit decision. Excluding the impact from foreign currency, net sales decreased 9.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 .
Latin America net sales increase d 15.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 primarily driven by favorable foreign currency and product price/mix. Excluding the impact from foreign currency, net sales increased 4.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 .
Asia net sales increase d 13.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . The increase for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was primarily driven by increased unit volume s, partially offset by unfavorable impacts from product price/mix and foreign currency. Excluding the impact from foreign currency, net sales increased 15.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 .


22


Gross Margin
The table below summarizes gross margin percentages by region:
WHR3312017_CHART-27042.JPG
The consolidated gross margin percentage decrease d for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . The decrease for the three months ended was primarily due to unfavorable impacts from product price/mix and raw material inflation, partially offset by benefits from cost productivity.
Significant regional trends were as follows:
North America gross margin increase d for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 , primarily due to cost productivity, partially offset by unfavorable impacts from product price/mix and raw material inflation.
EMEA gross margin decrease d for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 . EMEA experienced peak integration complexity due to headquarters integration, including legal entity mergers and systems implementation, which led to a temporary disruption in the region's supply chain network and product availability. Margins were also negatively impacted by currency and demand weakness in the U.K. associated with the Brexit decision and raw material inflation.
Latin America gross margin increase d for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 , primarily due to favorable cost productivity and product price/mix, partially offset by raw material inflation.
Asia gross margin decrease d for the three months ended March 31, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 , primarily due to raw material inflation and unfavorable product price/mix.


23


Selling, General and Administrative
The following table summarizes selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales by region:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Millions of dollars
 
2017
 
As a %
of Net Sales
 
2016
 
As a %
of Net Sales
North America
 
$173
 
6.7%
 
$171
 
7.1%
EMEA
 
124
 
12.0%
 
129
 
11.0%
Latin America
 
90
 
11.0%
 
70
 
10.0%
Asia
 
59
 
14.1%
 
60
 
16.1%
Corporate/other
 
53
 
 
43
 
Consolidated
 
$499
 
10.4%
 
$473
 
10.3%
Consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses is comparable as a percent of net sales to the same periods in 2016 .
Restructuring
We incurred restructuring charges of $46 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 , compared to $47 million for the same period in 2016 . For the full year 2017, we expect to incur up to $200 million of restructuring charges, which will result in ongoing substantial cost reductions.
Additional information about restructuring activities can be found in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Interest and Sundry (Income) Expense
Interest and sundry (income) expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 improved compared to the same period in  2016 . The decrease in expense for the three months ended was primarily due to a favorable impact from foreign currency.
Interest Expense
Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 increased compared to the same periods in 2016 due to higher outstanding debt partially offset by lower average interest rates.
Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $40 million and $59 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 , respectively . For the three months ended March 31, 2017 , changes in the effective tax rate from the prior period include tax planning strategies made available in the first quarter of 2017 .
For additional information, see Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
FORWARD-LOOKING PERSPECTIVE
Earnings per diluted share presented below are net of tax, while each adjustment is presented on a pre-tax basis. The aggregate income tax impact of the taxable components of each adjustment is presented in the income tax impact line item at our anticipated 2017 full-year tax rate of 20% . We currently estimate earnings per diluted share and industry demand for 2017 to be within the following ranges:


24


 
2017
 
Current Outlook
Estimated earnings per diluted share, for the year ending December 31, 2017
$12.65
$13.40
Including:
 
 
 
Restructuring Expense
$(2.63)
Income Tax Impact
$0.53
 
 
Industry demand
 
North America (1)
4%
6%
EMEA
Flat
2%
Latin America (2)
Flat
Asia
Flat
2%
(1) Reflects industry demand in the United States.
(2) Reflects industry demand in Brazil.
For the full-year 2017 , we expect to generate cash from operating activities of $1.7 to $1.75 billion and free cash flow of approximately $1 billion , including primarily acquisition related restructuring cash outlays of up to $165 million , legacy product warranty and liability costs of $69 million, pension contributions of $42 million and, with respect to free cash flow, capital expenditures of approximately $700 million to $750 million .
The table below reconciles projected 2017 cash provided by operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP to free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure. Management believes that free cash flow provides stockholders with a relevant measure of liquidity and a useful basis for assessing Whirlpool’s ability to fund its activities and obligations. There are limitations to using non-GAAP financial measures, including the difficulty associated with comparing companies that use similarly named non-GAAP measures whose calculations may differ from our calculations. We define free cash flow as cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures and including proceeds from the sale of assets/businesses, and changes in restricted cash. The change in restricted cash relates to the private placement funds paid by Whirlpool to acquire majority control of Whirlpool China (formerly Hefei Sanyo) in 2014 and which are used to fund capital and technical resources to enhance Whirlpool China ’s research and development and working capital, as required by the terms of the Hefei Sanyo acquisition completed in October 2014.
 
2017
Millions of dollars
Current Outlook
Cash provided by operating activities (1)
$1,700
-
$1,750
Capital expenditures, proceeds from sale of assets/businesses and changes in restricted cash
(700)
-
(750)
Free cash flow
~
$1,000
(1) Financial guidance on a GAAP basis for cash provided by (used in) financing activities and cash provided by (used in) investing activities has not been provided because in order to prepare any such estimate or projection, the company would need to rely on market factors and certain other conditions and assumptions that are outside of its control.
The projections above are based on many estimates and are inherently subject to change based on future decisions made by management and the Board of Directors of Whirlpool, and significant economic, competitive and other uncertainties and contingencies.
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
Our objective is to finance our business through operating cash flow and the appropriate mix of long-term and short-term debt. By diversifying the maturity structure, we avoid concentrations of debt, reducing liquidity risk. We have varying needs for short-term working capital financing as a result of the nature of our business. We regularly review our capital structure and liquidity priorities, which include funding the business through capital and engineering spending to support innovation and productivity initiatives, funding our pension plan and term debt liabilities, providing return to shareholders and potential acquisitions.
Our short term potential uses of liquidity include funding our ongoing capital spending, restructuring activities, pension plans and returns to shareholders. We also have $309 million of long term debt maturing in the next twelve months, and are currently evaluating our options in connection with this maturing debt, which may include repayment through refinancing, through free cash flow generation, or cash on hand.


25


We monitor the credit ratings and market indicators of credit risk of our lending, depository, derivative counterparty banks, and customers regularly, and take certain actions to manage credit risk. We diversify our deposits and investments in short term cash equivalents to limit the concentration of exposure by counterparty.
At March 31, 2017 , the only country where we had cash or cash equivalents greater than 1% of our consolidated assets was China, which represented 2.4%. In addition, we did not have any third-party accounts receivable greater than 1% of our consolidated assets in any single country outside of North America, with the exceptions of Brazil, China, and Italy, which represented 1.3%, 1.2%, and 1.2%, respectively. We continue to monitor general financial instability and uncertainty globally.
Sources and Uses of Cash
The following table summarizes the net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Millions of dollars
 
2017
 
2016
Cash provided by (used in):
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
 
$
(435
)
 
$
(661
)
Investing activities
 
(63
)
 
(93
)
Financing activities
 
339

 
670

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
 
25

 
11

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
(134
)
 
$
(73
)
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 decreased compared to the same period in 2016 , which primarily reflects working capital efficiency initiatives.
The timing of cash flows from operations varies significantly throughout the year primarily due to changes in production levels, sales patterns, promotional programs, funding requirements, credit management, as well as receivable and payment terms. Depending on timing of cash flows, the location of cash balances, as well as the liquidity requirements of each country, external sources of funding are used to support working capital requirements.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Cash used in investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2017 decrease d compared to the same period in 2016 , which primarily reflects a change in restricted cash which is used to fund capital expenditures and technical resources to enhance Whirlpool China’s research and development and working capital.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2017 decrease d compared to the same period in 2016 primarily due to repayment of long-term debt.
Financing Arrangements
The Company had total committed credit facilities of approximately $3.1 billion as of March 31, 2017 , which is fundamentally unchanged from the committed credit facilitates as of December 31, 2016 .  The facilities are geographically diverse and reflect the Company’s growing global operations. The Company believes these facilities are sufficient to support its global operations. We had no borrowings outstanding under the committed credit facilities at  March 31, 2017  or December 31, 2016 .
For additional information about our financing arrangements, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Dividends
In April 2017, our Board of Directors approved a 10% increase in our quarterly dividend on our common stock to $1.10 per share from $1 per share.



26


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
In the ordinary course of business, we enter into agreements with financial institutions to issue bank guarantees, letters of credit, and surety bonds. These agreements are primarily associated with unresolved tax matters in Brazil, as is customary under local regulations, and other governmental obligations and debt agreements. At March 31, 2017 , we had approximately $393 million outstanding under these agreements.
Repurchase Program
For additional information about our repurchase program, see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
OTHER MATTERS
For additional information regarding certain of our loss contingencies/litigation, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Antidumping Petition
In response to our December 2015 petition, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) issued a final determination in 2016 that Samsung and LG violated U.S. and international trade laws by dumping washers from China into the U.S.  The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) subsequently voted unanimously in 2017 that Samsung and LG's dumping caused material injury to the U.S. washer industry.  As a result of these decisions, certain washers imported from China are now subject to antidumping duties set by the DOC.  As in the case of our December 2011 petition, the DOC and ITC decisions could be followed by administrative review procedures and possible appeals over the next several years
Post-Retirement Benefit Litigation
For additional information regarding post-retirement benefit litigation, see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.



27


ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no material changes to our exposures to market risk since December 31, 2016 .
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures
Prior to filing this report, we completed an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of March 31, 2017 . Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of March 31, 2017 .
(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the most recent quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


28


PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Information with respect to legal proceedings can be found under the heading “Commitments and Contingencies” in Note 6 to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements contained in Part I, Item 1 of this report.
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in Part I, Item 1A to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 .
ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
On April 18, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $1 billion . During the three months ended March 31, 2017 we repurchased 843,300 shares under this share repurchase program at an aggregate purchase price of approximately $150 million . As of March 31, 2017 , there were approximately $550 million in remaining funds authorized under this program, which has no expiration date.
The following table summarizes repurchases of Whirlpool's common stock in the three months ended March 31, 2017 :
Period (Millions of dollars, except number and price per share)
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan
January 1, 2017 through January 31, 2017

$


$
700

February 1, 2017 through February 28, 2017
168,100

178.28

168,100

670

March 1, 2017 through March 31, 2017
675,200

177.75

675,200

550

       Total
843,300

$
177.85

843,300

 
Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. The program does not obligate us to repurchase any of our shares .
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
None.
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
None.


29


ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
Exhibit 31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer, Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
Exhibit 31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer, Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
Exhibit 32.1
 
Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
 
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document


30


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
 
 
 
(Registrant)
 
By
 
/s/ JAMES W. PETERS
 
Name:
 
James W. Peters
 
Title:
 
Executive Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer
 
Date:
 
April 25, 2017



31


Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, Jeff M. Fettig, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Whirlpool Corporation;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant, as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date:
April 25, 2017
 
 
 
                                         /s/ JEFF M. FETTIG
Name:
 
Jeff M. Fettig
Title:
 
Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer






Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
I, James W. Peters, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Whirlpool Corporation;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant, as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure