Whirlpool Corporation
WHIRLPOOL CORP /DE/ (Form: 10-K, Received: 02/17/2010 16:04:34)

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

  x  

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

        

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009

OR

 

  ¨  

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

        

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 1-3932

WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   38-1490038
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2000 North M-63, Benton Harbor, Michigan   49022-2692
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (269) 923-5000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $1.00 per share

  Chicago Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange

7  3 / 4 % Debentures due 2016

  New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes ¨ No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)

 

        Large Accelerated Filer x                                                                               Accelerated Filer ¨                   
        Non-Accelerated Filer  ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller Reporting Company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨ No x

The aggregate market value of the voting stock of the registrant held by stockholders not including voting stock held by directors and executive officers of the registrant and certain employee plans of the registrant (the exclusion of such shares shall not be deemed an admission by the registrant that any such person is an affiliate of the registrant) at the close of business on June 30, 2009 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $3,019,566,403.

On February 12, 2010, the registrant had 74,805,277 shares of common stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the following documents are incorporated herein by reference into the Part of the Form 10-K indicated:

 

Document

 

Part of Form 10-K into

which incorporated

The registrant’s proxy statement for the 2010 annual meeting of stockholders (the “Proxy Statement”)

  Part III

 

 

 


PART I

ITEM 1.      Business.

Whirlpool Corporation, the world’s leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances, was incorporated in 1955 under the laws of Delaware as the successor to a business that traces its origin to 1898. Whirlpool manufactures products in 12 countries under 13 principal brand names and markets products in nearly every country around the world. Whirlpool’s geographic segments consist of North America, Europe, Latin America, and Asia. As of December 31, 2009, we had approximately 67,000 employees.

As used herein, and except where the context otherwise requires, “Whirlpool,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Products and Markets

Whirlpool manufactures and markets a full line of major appliances and related products, primarily for home use. Our principal products are laundry appliances, refrigerators, cooking appliances, dishwashers, mixers and other small household appliances. We also produce hermetic compressors for refrigeration systems.

For each class of products which accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated net sales over the last three years, the following table lists the total net sales of each class.

 

       Percent in
2009
   Year ended December 31 (millions of dollars)

Class of Similar Products

          2009            2008            2007    

Home Laundry Appliances

   31%    $ 5,345    $ 5,760    $ 5,678

Home Refrigerators and Freezers

   30%      5,200      5,825      5,833

Home Cooking Appliances

   17%      2,809      3,128      2,995

Other

   22%      3,745      4,194      4,902
                         

Net Sales

   100%    $ 17,099    $ 18,907    $ 19,408
                         

In North America, Whirlpool markets and distributes major home appliances and portable appliances under a variety of brand names. In the United States, we market and distribute products primarily under the Whirlpool , Maytag , KitchenAid , Jenn-Air , Roper , Estate , Admiral , Magic Chef , Amana , and Inglis brand names primarily to retailers, distributors, and builders. In Canada, we market and distribute major home appliances primarily under the Inglis , Admiral , Whirlpool , Maytag , Jenn-Air , Magic Chef , Amana , Roper , Estate, and KitchenAid brand names. In Mexico, we market and distribute major home appliances primarily under the Whirlpool , Maytag , Acros , KitchenAid , and Supermatic brand names. We sell some products to other manufacturers, distributors, and retailers for resale in North America under those manufacturers’ and retailers’ respective brand names. We have manufacturing facilities in the United States and Mexico.

Whirlpool is a major supplier to Sears of laundry, refrigerator, dishwasher, and trash compactor home appliances. Sears markets some of the products that we supply to them under its Kenmore brand name. Sears is also a major outlet for our Whirlpool , Maytag , KitchenAid, Jenn-Air, and Amana brand products. In 2009, 2008 and 2007, approximately 10%, 11% and 12%, respectively, of our consolidated net sales were attributable to sales to Sears. More information regarding Whirlpool’s relationship with Sears can be found under the caption “Forward-Looking Perspective” in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” contained in the Financial Supplement to this Report.

In Europe, we market and distribute our major home appliances primarily under the Whirlpool , Maytag , Amana , Bauknecht , Ignis , Laden , and Polar brand names, and major and portable appliances under the KitchenAid brand name. In addition to our extensive operations in Western Europe, we have sales subsidiaries in

 

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Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Croatia, Morocco, and Turkey, with representative offices in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. Whirlpool markets a full line of products under the Whirlpool , KIC, and Ignis brand names in South Africa.

Whirlpool’s European operations also sell products carrying the Whirlpool , Bauknecht, and Ignis brand names to distributors and dealers in Africa and the Middle East. Whirlpool has manufacturing facilities in France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, South Africa, and Sweden.

In Latin America, we market and distribute our major home appliances primarily under the Whirlpool , Maytag , KitchenAid , Brastemp , Consul , and Eslabon de Lujo brand names. We manage appliance sales and distribution in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Peru through our Brazilian subsidiary, and in Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay through our distributors. We manage appliance sales and distribution in Central American countries, the Caribbean, Venezuela, Colombia, Guatemala, and Ecuador through our Brazilian subsidiary and through distributors. In Latin America, Whirlpool has manufacturing facilities in Brazil.

In Asia, we have organized the marketing and distribution of our major home appliances into five operating groups: (1) China, which includes mainland China; (2) Hong Kong and Taiwan; (3) India, which includes Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Pakistan; (4) Oceania, which includes Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands; and (5) Southeast Asia, which includes Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Korea, and Japan. We market and sell our products in Asia primarily under the Whirlpool , Maytag , KitchenAid , Amana, and Jenn-Air brand names by a combination of direct sales to appliance retailers and chain stores and through full-service distributors to a large network of retail stores. In Asia, we have manufacturing facilities in China and India.

Competition

Competition in the home appliance industry is intense. In addition to traditional competitors such as Electrolux, General Electric, and Kenmore, there are expanding foreign competitors such as LG, Bosch Siemens, Samsung and Haier. Moreover, the U.S. customer base is characterized by large, sophisticated trade customers who have many choices and demand competitive products, services, and prices. In most major markets throughout the world, 2009 was a challenging year with continued high costs in the areas of metals and oil-based materials, such as resins. In addition, in 2008 and 2009 we experienced significant macroeconomic challenges including instability in the financial markets. These challenges have impacted the global economy, the capital markets and global demand for our products. Competition in our markets is based upon a wide variety of factors, including cost, selling price, distribution, performance, innovation, product features, energy efficiency, quality, and other financial incentives. These financial incentives include cooperative advertising, co-marketing funds, salesperson incentives, volume rebates, and terms. We believe that we can best compete in the current environment by increasing productivity, improving quality, lowering costs, focusing on research and development including introducing new products through innovation, building strong brands, enhancing trade customer and consumer value with our product offerings, continuing to expand our global footprint, expanding trade distribution channels, and taking other efficiency-enhancing measures.

Other Information

We are generally not dependent upon any one source for raw materials or purchased components essential to our business. In areas where a single supplier is used, alternative sources are generally available and can be developed within the normal manufacturing environment. Some unanticipated costs may be incurred in transitioning to a new supplier if a prior single supplier relationship was abruptly interrupted or terminated. There has been continued cost pressure in some areas, such as metals and oil-based materials, during most of the year. In the later part of the year, costs in most of these areas started to show signs of relief, but remain at elevated levels. We believe such raw materials and components will be available in adequate quantities to meet anticipated production schedules.

 

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The patents we presently own are considered, in the aggregate, to be valuable. Also, Whirlpool is the owner of a number of trademarks in the U.S. and foreign countries. The most important trademarks that we own in North America are Whirlpool , Maytag , KitchenAid , Estate , Roper , Admiral , Amana , Jenn-Air , and Acros . The most important trademarks that we own in Europe are Whirlpool , Bauknecht, and Ignis . In Latin America, the most important trademarks that we own are Whirlpool , Brastemp, and Consul . The most important trademark that we own in Asia is Whirlpool . We receive royalties from licensing our trademarks to third parties to sell and service certain products bearing the Whirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Jenn-Air, Admiral, Amana, and Magic Chef brand names.

Expenditures for Whirlpool-sponsored research and development relating to new products and the improvement of existing products were approximately $455 million in 2009, $436 million in 2008, and $421 million in 2007.

Our manufacturing facilities are subject to numerous laws and regulations designed to protect or enhance the environment, many of which require federal, state, or other governmental licenses and permits with regard to wastewater discharges, air emissions, and hazardous waste management. Our policy is to comply with all such laws and regulations. Where laws and regulations are less restrictive, we have established and are following our own standards consistent with our commitment to environmental responsibility.

We believe that we are in compliance in all material respects with all presently applicable federal, state, local, and other governmental provisions relating to environmental protection in the countries in which we have manufacturing operations. Compliance with these environmental laws and regulations has not had a material effect on capital expenditures, earnings, or our competitive position. Capital expenditures and expenses for manufacturing operations directly attributable to compliance with these environmental provisions worldwide amounted to approximately $29 million in 2009, $31 million in 2008 and $28 million in 2007. We estimate that in 2010, environmental capital expenditures and expenses for manufacturing operations will be approximately $29 million. Capital expenditures and expenses for product related environmental activities were not material in any of the past three years and are not expected to be material in 2010.

The entire major home appliance industry, including Whirlpool, must contend with the adoption of stricter governmental energy and environmental standards. These standards will be phased in over the next several years and include the general phase-out of ozone depleting chemicals used in refrigeration, energy standards rulemakings for selected major appliances, regulatory restrictions on the materials content specified for use in our products by some jurisdictions, and mandated recycling of our products at the end of their useful lives. Compliance with these various standards, as they become effective, will require some product redesign. However, we believe, based on our understanding of the current state of proposed regulations, that we will be able to develop, manufacture, and market products that comply with these regulations.

State and federal environmental protection agencies have notified us of our possible involvement in a number of “Superfund” sites in the United States. However, based upon our evaluation of the facts and circumstances relating to these sites along with the evaluation of our technical consultants, we do not presently anticipate any material adverse effect upon our earnings, financial condition, or competitive position arising out of the resolution of these matters or the resolution of any other known governmental proceeding regarding environmental protection matters.

For information about the challenges and risks associated with our foreign operations, see “Risks Relating to Our Business” under Item 1A below.

For certain other financial information concerning our business segments and foreign and domestic operations, see Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

 

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For information on our global restructuring plans, and the impact of these plans on our operating segments, see Notes 10 and 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

For information on product recalls, see Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

Maytag Acquisition

On March 31, 2006, we completed our acquisition of Maytag. The aggregate purchase price for Maytag was approximately $1.9 billion, including approximately $848 million of cash and approximately 9.7 million shares of Whirlpool common stock. Maytag had consolidated net sales for the year ended December 31, 2005 of approximately $4.9 billion. With the acquisition, Whirlpool added an array of home appliance brands including Maytag, Jenn-Air, Amana, Magic Chef, and Admiral . We are realizing cost savings from all areas across the value chain including product manufacturing and marketing, global procurement, logistics, infrastructure and support areas, product research and development, and asset utilization. In 2007, we completed the sale of all Maytag adjacent businesses which were not part of the core appliance business.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

The following table sets forth the names and ages of our executive officers on February 10, 2010, the positions and offices they held on that date, and the year they first became executive officers:

 

Name

  

Office

   First Became
an Executive
Officer
   Age

Jeff M. Fettig

   Director, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer    1994    52

Michael A. Todman

   Director and President, Whirlpool International    2001    52

Marc R. Bitzer

   President, Whirlpool North America    2006    45

Bracken Darrell

   Executive Vice President and President, Whirlpool Europe    2009    47

Jose A. Drummond

   Executive Vice President and President, Whirlpool S.A.    2008    45

David T. Szczupak

   Executive Vice President, Global Product Organization    2008    54

Roy W. Templin

   Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer    2004    49

Each of the executive officers named above was elected to serve in the office indicated until the first meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of stockholders in 2010 and until his successor is chosen and qualified or until his earlier resignation or removal. Each of our executive officers has held the position set forth in the table above or has served Whirlpool in various executive or administrative capacities for at least the past five years, except for Mr. Szczupak and Mr. Darrell. Prior to joining Whirlpool in July of 2008, Mr. Szczupak for the previous two years served as Chief Operating Officer of Dura Automotive Systems, Inc. and before joining Dura in 2006, worked for Ford Motor Company for 22 years in various leadership roles. Mr. Darrell, prior to joining Whirlpool in September 2008, for the previous six years held various executive positions with The Procter & Gamble Company, the most recent being President of Braun, a Procter & Gamble division.

 

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Available Information

Financial results and investor information (including Whirlpool’s Form 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K reports) are accessible at Whirlpool’s website: www.whirlpoolcorp.com —click on “Investors” and then click on “SEC Filings.” Copies of our Form 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K reports, as well as amendments to them, are available free of charge through our website on the same day they are filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

ITEM 1A .     Risk Factors.

This report contains statements referring to Whirlpool that are not historical facts and are considered “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements, which are intended to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, are based on current projections about operations, industry conditions, financial condition and liquidity. Words that identify forward-looking statements include words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “plan,” “predict,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “believe,” “may impact,” “on track,” and words and terms of similar substance used in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance, a merger, or our businesses. In addition, any statements that refer to expectations, projections, or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements. Those statements are not guarantees and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual results could differ materially and adversely from these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the following:

Risks Relating to Our Business

Changes in economic conditions could adversely affect demand for our products . A number of economic factors, including, but not limited to, gross domestic product, availability of consumer credit, interest rates, consumer confidence and debt levels, retail trends, housing starts, sales of existing homes, the level of mortgage refinancing and defaults, and foreign currency exchange rates, generally affect demand for our products. Higher unemployment rates, higher fuel and other energy costs, and higher tax rates adversely affect demand. The decline in economic activity and conditions in the United States and the other markets in which we operate has, and may continue to, adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations for the foreseeable future.

The global financial crisis could adversely affect our business and financial performance. The ongoing global financial crisis has tightened credit markets and lowered liquidity levels. Lower credit availability may increase borrowing costs. Some of our suppliers are experiencing serious financial problems due to reduced access to credit and lower revenues. Financial duress may prompt some of our suppliers to seek to renegotiate supply terms with us, reduce production or file for bankruptcy protection. Our customers may be unable to obtain financing to purchase products and meet their payment obligations to us. In addition, the financial crisis could result in the insolvency of one or more of our customers. The occurrence of any or all of these events may adversely affect our operations, earnings, cash flows and/or financial position.

The loss of or substantial decline in sales to any of our key trade customers, which include Sears, Lowe’s, Home Depot, Casas Bahia, Best Buy, Ikea, major buying groups, and builders, could adversely affect our financial performance. We sell to a sophisticated customer base of large trade customers that have significant leverage as buyers over their suppliers. Most of our products are not sold through long-term contracts, which facilitates the trade customers’ ability to change volume among suppliers. As the trade customers continue to become larger, they may seek to use their position to improve their profitability by various means, including improved efficiency, lower pricing, and increased promotional programs. If we are unable to meet their requirements, our volume growth and financial results could be negatively affected. The loss of, or substantial

 

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decline in volume of, sales to Sears, Lowe’s, Home Depot, Casas Bahia, Best Buy, Ikea, major buying groups or builders, or any other trade customers to which we sell a significant amount of products, could adversely affect our financial performance. Additionally, if these trade customers lose market share, this loss could negatively impact our financial performance.

We face intense competition in the home appliance industry and failure to successfully compete may negatively affect our business and financial performance. Each of our operating segments operates in a highly competitive business environment and faces intense competition from a growing number of competitors, many of which have strong consumer brand equity. Several of these competitors, such as Electrolux, LG, Samsung, Bosch Siemens and General Electric are large, well-established companies that rank among the Global Fortune 150 and have demonstrated a commitment to success in the global market. Competition in the global market is based on a number of factors including performance, innovation, product features and design, energy efficiency, quality, cost, selling price, distribution, and financial incentives, such as cooperative advertising, co-marketing funds, sales person incentives, volume rebates, and terms. In the past, our competitors, especially global competitors with low-cost sources of supply outside the United States, have aggressively priced their products and/or introduced new products to increase market share. If we are unable to successfully compete in this highly competitive environment, our business and financial performance could be negatively affected.

Foreign currency fluctuations may affect our financial performance. We generate a significant portion of our revenue and incur a significant portion of our expenses in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Changes in the exchange rates of functional currencies of those operations affect the U.S. dollar value of our revenue and earnings from our foreign operations. Recent extreme volatility in the foreign exchange markets has increased our risk. We use currency forwards and options to manage our foreign currency transaction exposures. We cannot completely eliminate our exposure to foreign currency fluctuations, which may adversely affect our financial performance. In addition, because our consolidated financial results are reported in dollars, if we generate sales or earnings in other currencies, the translation of those results into U.S. dollars can result in a significant increase or decrease in the amount of those sales or earnings.

Product liability or product recall costs could adversely affect our business and financial performance. We are subject to the risk of exposure to product liability and product recall claims if any of our products are alleged to have resulted in injury to persons or damage to property. In the event that any of our products prove to be defective, we may need to recall and/or redesign such products. In addition, any claim or product recall that results in significant adverse publicity may negatively affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations. We do maintain product liability insurance, but this insurance may not be adequate to cover losses related to product liability claims brought against us. We may also be involved in certain class action litigation, for which no insurance is available. Product liability insurance could become more expensive and difficult to maintain and may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. In addition, we do not maintain any product recall insurance, so any product recall we are required to initiate could have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.

We regularly engage in investigations of potential quality and safety issues as part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to our customers. We are currently investigating a limited number of potential quality and safety issues, and as necessary, we undertake to effect repair or replacement of appliances. Actual costs of these issues and any future issues depend upon several factors, including the number of consumers who respond to a particular recall, repair and administrative costs, whether the cost of any corrective action is borne initially by Whirlpool or the supplier, and, if initially borne by Whirlpool, whether we will be successful in recovering our costs from the supplier. The actual costs incurred as a result of these issues and any future issues could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Unfavorable results of legal proceedings could materially adversely affect our business and financial performance. We are subject to a variety of litigation and legal compliance risks, including litigation concerning product defects, intellectual property rights, taxes, environmental matters, commercial matters and compliance

 

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with competition laws and sales and trading practices. Results of legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty. Regardless of merit, litigation may be both time-consuming and disruptive to our operations and cause significant expense and diversion of management attention. We estimate loss contingencies and establish reserves as required by generally accepted accounting principles based on our assessment of contingencies where liability is deemed probable and reasonably estimable in light of the facts and circumstances known to us at a particular point in time. Subsequent developments in legal proceedings may affect our assessment and estimates of the loss contingency recorded and could result in an adverse effect on our results of operations in the period in which a liability would be recognized or cash flows for the period in which amounts would be paid. Actual results may significantly vary from our estimates.

An inability to effectively execute and manage our business objectives could adversely affect our financial performance. The highly competitive nature of our industry requires that we effectively execute and manage our business including our global operating platform initiative. Our global operating platform initiative aims to reduce costs, drive productivity and quality improvements, and accelerate our rate of innovation. Our inability to effectively control costs and drive productivity improvements could affect our profits. In addition, our failure to provide high-quality, innovative products could adversely affect our ability to maintain or increase our sales. If we failed in this way, it could negatively affect our revenues and overall financial performance. Additionally, our success is dependent on anticipating changes in customer preferences and on successful new product and process development and product relaunches in response to such changes. Our future results and our ability to maintain or improve our competitive position will depend on our capacity to gauge the direction of our key markets and upon our ability to successfully and timely identify, develop, manufacture, market, and sell new or improved products in these changing markets.

We face inventory and other asset risk. We record a write-down for product and component inventories that have become obsolete or exceed anticipated demand or net realizable value. We also review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changed circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If we determine that impairment has occurred, we record a write-down equal to the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair market value. Although we believe our inventory and other asset related provisions are currently adequate, no assurance can be given that, given the unpredictable pace of product obsolescence, we will not incur additional inventory or asset related charges. Such charges could materially adversely affect our financial condition and operating results.

Fluctuations and volatility in the cost of raw materials and purchased components could adversely affect our profits. The primary materials used to produce and manufacture our products are steel, oil, plastic resins, and base metals, such as aluminum, copper, zinc, and nickel. On a global and regional basis, the sources and prices of those materials and components are susceptible to significant price fluctuations due to supply/demand trends, transportation costs, government regulations and tariffs, changes in currency exchange rates, price controls, the economic climate, and other unforeseen circumstances. Material cost inflation is expected to be approximately $200 to $300 million in 2010, largely driven by increases in base metals, such as copper, aluminum, zinc and nickel, as well as component parts and steel. Continued significant increases in these and other costs in the future could materially affect our profits.

The ability of suppliers to deliver parts, components and manufacturing equipment to our manufacturing facilities, including our ability to manufacture without disruption, could affect our global business performance. We use a wide range of materials and components in the global production of our products and use numerous suppliers to provide materials and components. Because we generally do not have guaranteed supply arrangements with our suppliers and some key parts may be available only from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers, we are subject to supply and pricing risks. In addition, certain proprietary component parts used in some of our products are provided by single-source unaffiliated third-party suppliers. We would be unable to obtain these proprietary component parts for an indeterminate period of time if these single-source suppliers were to cease or interrupt production or otherwise fail to supply these components to us, which could adversely affect our product sales and operating results. Our operations and operations at suppliers’ facilities are

 

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subject to disruption for a variety of reasons, including, but not limited to, work stoppages, fire, earthquake, flooding, or other natural disasters. Such disruption could interrupt our ability to manufacture certain products. Any significant disruption could negatively impact our revenue and earnings performance.

Significant differences between actual results and estimates of the amount of future funding for our pension plans and postretirement health care benefit programs, and significant changes in funding assumptions or significant increases in funding obligations due to regulatory changes, could adversely affect our financial results. We have both funded and unfunded noncontributory defined benefit pension plans that cover most of our North American employees and certain foreign employees. We also have unfunded postretirement health care benefit plans for eligible retired employees. The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), the Pension Protection Act and the Internal Revenue Code govern the funding obligations for our U.S. pension plans, which are our principal pension plans. Our U.S. defined benefit plans were frozen as of December 31, 2006 for substantially all participants. For 2007 and beyond, Whirlpool employees may participate in an enhanced defined contribution plan.

As of December 31, 2009, our projected benefit obligations under our pension plans and postretirement health care benefit programs exceeded the fair value of plan assets by an aggregate of approximately $2,329 million ($1,568 million of which was attributable to pension plans and $761 million of which was attributable to postretirement health care benefits). Estimates for the amount and timing of the future funding obligations of these pension plans and postretirement health care benefit plans are based on various assumptions. These assumptions include discount rates, expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, and health care cost trend rates. These assumptions are subject to change based on changes in interest rates on high quality bonds, stock and bond market returns, and health care cost trend rates. Significant differences in results or significant changes in assumptions may materially affect our postretirement obligations and related future contributions and expenses.

Our intellectual property rights are valuable, and any inability to protect them could reduce the value of our products, services, and brands. We consider our intellectual property rights, including patents, trademarks, trade secrets, and licensing agreements, to be a significant and valuable aspect of our business. We attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, and trade secret laws, as well as licensing agreements and third party nondisclosure and assignment agreements. Our failure to obtain or adequately protect our trademarks, products, new features of our products, or our processes may diminish our competitiveness.

We have applied for patent protection in the United States and other jurisdictions with respect to certain innovations and new products, product features, and processes. We cannot be assured that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office or any other jurisdiction will approve any of our patent applications. Additionally, the patents we own could be challenged, invalidated, or others could design around our patents and the patents may not be of sufficient scope or strength to provide us with any meaningful protection or commercial advantage. Further, the laws of certain foreign countries in which we do business or contemplate doing business in the future do not recognize intellectual property rights or protect them to the same extent as United States law. As a result, these factors could weaken our competitive advantage with respect to our products, services, and brands in foreign jurisdictions, which could adversely affect our financial performance.

Moreover, while we do not believe that any of our products infringe on the valid intellectual property rights of third parties, others may assert intellectual property rights that cover some of our technology, brands, products, or services. Any litigation regarding patents or other intellectual property could be costly and time-consuming and could divert the attention of our management and key personnel from our business operations. Claims of intellectual property infringement might also require us to enter into costly license agreements. We also may be subject to significant damages or injunctions against development and sale of certain products.

We may be subject to information technology system failures, network disruptions and breaches in data security, which may materially adversely affect our operations, financial condition and operating results. We depend on information technology as an enabler to improve the effectiveness of our operations and to interface

 

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with our customers, as well as to maintain financial accuracy and efficiency. Information technology system failures could disrupt our operations by causing transaction errors, processing inefficiencies, delays or cancellation of customer orders, the loss of customers, impediments to the manufacture or shipment of products, other business disruptions, or the loss of or damage to intellectual property through security breach.

In addition, we have outsourced certain information technology support services and administrative functions, such as payroll processing and benefit plan administration, to third-party service providers and may outsource other functions in the future to achieve cost savings and efficiencies. If the service providers to which we outsource these functions do not perform effectively, we may not be able to achieve the expected cost savings and may have to incur additional costs to correct errors made by such service providers. Depending on the function involved, such errors may also lead to business disruption, processing inefficiencies or the loss of or damage to intellectual property through security breach, or harm employee morale.

Our information systems could also be penetrated by outside parties intent on extracting information, corrupting information or disrupting business processes. Such unauthorized access could disrupt our business and could result in the loss of assets.

Risks associated with our international operations may decrease our revenues and increase our costs. For the year ended December 31, 2009, we derived approximately 45% of our net sales from outside of North America (which includes Canada and Mexico), including 22% in Latin America, 19% in Europe and 4% in Asia. We expect that international sales will continue to account for a significant percentage of our net sales in the foreseeable future. Accordingly, we face numerous risks associated with conducting international operations, any of which could negatively affect our financial performance. These risks include the following:

 

   

changes in foreign country regulatory requirements;

 

   

various import/export restrictions and the availability of required import/export licenses;

 

   

imposition of foreign tariffs and other trade barriers;

 

   

political, legal, and economic instability;

 

   

foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations;

 

   

changes in foreign country tax rules, regulations and other requirements, such as changes in tax rates and statutory and judicial interpretations of tax laws;

 

   

inflation;

 

   

work stoppages and disruptions in the shipping of imported and exported products;

 

   

government price controls;

 

   

extended payment terms and the inability to collect accounts receivable; and

 

   

the inability to repatriate cash.

Additionally, as a U.S. corporation, we are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which may place us at a competitive disadvantage to foreign companies that are not subject to similar regulations. Additionally, any determination that we have violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could have a material adverse effect on us.

Terrorist attacks, armed conflicts, natural disasters, and epidemics could affect our domestic and international sales, disrupt our supply chain, and impair our ability to produce and deliver our products. Such events could directly impact our physical facilities or those of our suppliers or customers, both in the United States and elsewhere.

We are subject to, and could be further subject to, governmental investigations or actions by other third parties. We are subject to various federal, foreign and state laws, including antitrust laws, violations of which can involve civil or criminal sanctions. Government regulators in various jurisdictions are currently investigating

 

10


alleged pricing practices in the global compressor industry, including our compressor business headquartered in Brazil. These investigations, as well as additional investigations by other governmental agencies, could result in civil or criminal charges against Whirlpool and its employees, and the imposition of fines and penalties. In addition, we have been named as a defendant in numerous related class action lawsuits in various jurisdictions, which seek damages in connection with the pricing of compressors, and additional lawsuits may be filed. The impact of these investigations and lawsuits could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity and results of operations.

A deterioration in labor relations could adversely impact our global business. As of December 31, 2009, we had approximately 67,000 employees. Of those employees, various labor unions with separate collective bargaining agreements represent approximately 60%. Our current collective bargaining agreements generally have three year terms. Due to the large number of collective bargaining agreements, we are periodically in negotiations with certain of the unions representing our employees. We may be subject to employee work stoppages that, if such events were to occur, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations. Further, we cannot be assured that we will be able to renew collective bargaining agreements on the same or similar terms, or at all, which may also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

Our ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees is crucial to our results of operations and future growth . We depend upon the continued services and performance of our key executives, senior management and skilled personnel, particularly our professionals with experience in our business and operations and the home appliance industry. We cannot be sure that any of these individuals will continue to be employed by us. A lengthy period of time is required to hire and develop replacement personnel when skilled personnel depart Whirlpool. An inability to hire, develop and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees could materially hinder our business by, for example, delaying our ability to bring new products to market or impairing the success of our operations.

Changes in the legal and regulatory environment could limit our business activities, increase our operating costs, reduce demand for our products or result in litigation. The conduct of our businesses, and the production, distribution, sale, advertising, safety, transportation and use of many of our products, are subject to various laws and regulations administered by federal, state and local governmental agencies in the United States, as well as to foreign laws and regulations administered by government entities and agencies in markets in which we operate. These laws and regulations may change, sometimes dramatically, as a result of political, economic or social events. Changes in laws, regulations or governmental policy and the related interpretations may alter the environment in which we do business and, therefore, may impact our results or increase our costs or liabilities. In addition, we incur and will continue to incur capital and other expenditures to comply with various laws and regulations, especially relating to the protection of the environment and human health and safety. These types of costs could adversely affect our financial performance. Additionally, we could be subjected to future liabilities, fines or penalties or the suspension of product production for failing to comply with various laws and regulations, including environmental regulations. Cleanup obligations that might arise at any of our manufacturing sites or the imposition of more stringent environmental laws in the future could adversely affect us.

ITEM 1B .     Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

ITEM 2 .     Properties.

Our principal executive offices are located in Benton Harbor, Michigan. On December 31, 2009, our principal manufacturing operations were carried on at 37 locations worldwide, 26 of which are located in 11 countries outside the United States, primarily in the Europe region, and to a lesser extent in Asia, Latin America, and Mexico. Whirlpool occupied a total of approximately 65.2 million square feet devoted to manufacturing,

 

11


service, sales and administrative offices, warehouse and distribution space. Over 33.8 million square feet of such space is occupied under lease. In general, all facilities are well maintained, suitably equipped, and in good operating condition.

ITEM 3 .     Legal Proceedings.

Information with respect to legal proceedings can be found under the heading “ Legal Contingencies ” in Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

ITEM 4 .     Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders in the fourth quarter of 2009.

 

12


PART II

ITEM 5 .     Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Whirlpool’s common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange. As of February 12, 2010, the number of holders of record of Whirlpool common stock was approximately 14,821.

High, low, and closing sales prices (as reported on the New York Stock Exchange composite tape) for Whirlpool’s common stock for each quarter during the years 2009 and 2008 are set forth below:

 

Market Price

   High    Low    Close

4Q2009

   $ 85.01    $ 65.37    $ 80.66

3Q2009

     73.84      41.34      69.96

2Q2009

     49.96      28.44      42.56

1Q2009

     49.08      19.19      29.59

4Q2008

   $ 83.05    $ 30.19    $ 41.35

3Q2008

     91.87      58.22      79.29

2Q2008

     92.59      61.73      61.73

1Q2008

     98.00      67.19      86.78

Cash dividends declared on Whirlpool common stock for each quarter during the years 2009 and 2008 are set forth in Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

During the March 2008 quarter, Whirlpool purchased approximately 1.1 million shares of Whirlpool common stock under a $500 million share repurchase program authorized by our Board of Directors on June 15, 2004. At March 31, 2008, there were no remaining funds authorized under this program.

On April 23, 2008, our Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $500 million. Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. During 2008, we repurchased 1.9 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $150 million under this program. There were no repurchases during 2009. At December 31, 2009, there were $350 million of remaining funds authorized under this program.

ITEM 6 .     Selected Financial Data.

The selected financial data for the five years ended December 31, 2009 with respect to the following line items are shown under the “Five Year Selected Financial Data” contained in the Financial Supplement to this report: total net sales, earnings from continuing operations, earnings from continuing operations per share of common stock, dividends declared per share of common stock, total assets, and long-term debt. See the material incorporated herein by reference in response to Item 7 of this report for a discussion of the effects on such data of any business combinations and other acquisitions, disposition and restructuring activity, accounting changes, earnings of foreign affiliates, and other significant activity impacting or affecting the comparability of reported amounts.

ITEM 7 .     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

ITEM 7A .     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

Information with respect to market risk can be found under the caption “Market Risk” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” contained in the Financial Supplement to this report.

 

13


ITEM 8 .     Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Whirlpool’s Consolidated Financial Statements are contained in the Financial Supplement to this report. Supplementary financial information regarding quarterly results of operations (unaudited) for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 is set forth in Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. For a list of financial statements and schedules filed as part of this report, see the Table of Contents to the Financial Supplement to this report on page F-1.

ITEM 9 .      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure .

None.

ITEM 9A .     Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure controls and procedures. Whirlpool maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our filings under the Securities Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission and that such information is accumulated and communicated to Whirlpool’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Prior to filing this report, we completed an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of Whirlpool management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2009. Based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of December 31, 2009.

Management’s report on internal control over financial reporting . Pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto, we included a report of management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting as part of this report. Management’s report is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Financial Supplement to this report under the caption entitled “Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting” and is incorporated herein by reference.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth quarter of 2009 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B .     Other Information.

There was no information required to be disclosed in a report on Form 8-K during the fourth quarter of 2009 that was not previously reported.

 

14


PART III

ITEM 10 .    Directors, and Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Information regarding our executive officers is included in Item 1 of Part I of this report.

Information regarding the background of the directors, matters related to the Audit Committee, and Section 16(a) compliance can be found under the captions “Directors and Nominees for Election as Directors,” “Board of Directors and Corporate Governance—Audit Committee,” and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference.

There have been no material changes to the procedures through which stockholders may recommend nominees to our Board of Directors since March 2, 2009, which is the date of our last proxy statement.

We have adopted a code of ethics that applies to all of our employees, officers and directors, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer (controller). The text of our code of ethics is posted on our website: www.whirlpoolcorp.com —scroll over the “Responsibility” dropdown menu and click on “Code of Ethics.” Whirlpool intends to disclose future amendments to, or waivers from, certain provisions of the code of ethics for executive officers and directors on the website within four business days following the date of such amendment or waiver. Stockholders may request a free copy of the code of ethics from:

Greg Fritz

Investor Relations

Whirlpool Corporation

2000 North M-63

Mail Drop 2800

Benton Harbor, MI 49022-2692

Telephone: (269) 923-2641

Whirlpool has also adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines and written charters for its Audit, Finance, Human Resources and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committees, all of which are posted on our website: www.whirlpoolcorp.com —scroll over the “Responsibility” dropdown menu and then over “Governance,” click on “Board of Directors,” and then click on “Board of Directors Committee Charters.” Stockholders may request a free copy of the charters and guidelines from the address or telephone number set forth above.

ITEM 11 .     Executive Compensation.

Information with respect to compensation of our executive officers and directors can be found under the captions “Nonemployee Director Compensation,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Executive Compensation Tables,” and “Human Resources Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference. See also the information under the caption “Human Resources Committee Report” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference; however, such information is only “furnished” hereunder and not deemed “soliciting material” or “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

ITEM 12 .     Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Information with respect to the security ownership of any person that we know to beneficially own more than 5% of Whirlpool stock and by each Whirlpool director, each Whirlpool named executive officer, and all

 

15


directors and executive officers as a group, can be found under the captions “Security Ownership” and “Beneficial Ownership” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference. Information relating to securities authorized under equity compensation plans can be found under the caption “Equity Compensation Plan Information” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13 .     Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

Information regarding certain relationships and related transactions can be found under the caption “Related Person Transactions” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14 .     Principal Accounting Fees and Services .

Information relating to our auditors and the Audit Committee’s pre-approval policies can be found under the caption “Matters Relating to Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” in the Proxy Statement, which is incorporated herein by reference.

PART IV

ITEM 15 .     Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

(a) The following documents are filed as a part of this report:

1. The financial statements and related notes, and reports of management and the independent registered public accounting firm, listed in the Table of Contents to the Financial Supplement to this report. Individual financial statements of the registrant’s affiliated foreign companies, accounted for by the equity method, have been omitted since no such company individually constitutes a significant subsidiary.

2. “Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts” is contained in the Financial Supplement to this report. Certain schedules for which provisions are made in the applicable accounting regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted.

3. The exhibits listed in the “Exhibit Index” attached to this report.

 

16


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

W HIRLPOOL C ORPORATION

(Registrant)

   

By:

 

/s/    R OY W. T EMPLIN        

    February 17, 2010
 

Roy W. Templin

Executive Vice President

and Chief Financial Officer

     

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the date indicated.

 

Signature

  

Title

   

/s/    J EFF M. F ETTIG        

Jeff M. Fettig

  

Director, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

    (Principal Executive Officer)

 

M ICHAEL A. T ODMAN *

Michael A. Todman

  

Director and President, Whirlpool International

 

/s/    R OY W. T EMPLIN        

Roy W. Templin

  

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

    (Principal Financial Officer)

 

A NTHONY B. P ETITT *

Anthony B. Petitt

  

Vice President and Controller (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

H ERMAN C AIN *

Herman Cain

  

Director

 

G ARY T. D I C AMILLO *

Gary T. DiCamillo

  

Director

 

K ATHLEEN J. H EMPEL *

Kathleen J. Hempel

  

Director

 

M ICHAEL F. J OHNSTON *

Michael F. Johnston

  

Director

 

W ILLIAM T. K ERR *

William T. Kerr

  

Director

 

M ILES L. M ARSH *

Miles L. Marsh

  

Director

 

W ILLIAM D. P EREZ *

William D. Perez

  

Director

 

 

17


Signature

  

Title

   

P AUL G. S TERN *

Paul G. Stern

  

Director

 

J ANICE D. S TONEY *

Janice D. Stoney

  

Director

 

M ICHAEL D. W HITE *

Michael D. White

  

Director

 
*By:  

/s/    D ANIEL F. H OPP        

Daniel F. Hopp

   Attorney-in-Fact   February 17, 2010

 

18


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

Financial Supplement

to 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K and

to 2010 Proxy Statement

Table of Contents

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   F-2

Consolidated Statements of Income

   F-22

Consolidated Balance Sheets

   F-23

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

   F-24

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

   F-25

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-26

Five-Year Selected Financial Data

   F-60

Report by Management on the Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-61

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

   F-62

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   F-63

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

   F-64

Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

   F-65

 

F-1


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This Management Discussion and Analysis should be read in connection with the Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Selected Financial Data included in this Financial Supplement to the Form 10-K. Also, certain references to particular information in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements are made to assist readers.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

Whirlpool Corporation (“Whirlpool”) is the world’s leading manufacturer of major home appliances with revenues of $17 billion and net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders of $328 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. We are a leading producer of major home appliances in North America and Latin America and have a significant presence in markets throughout Europe and India. We have received worldwide recognition for accomplishments in a variety of business and social efforts, including leadership, diversity, innovative product design, business ethics, social responsibility and community involvement. We conduct our business through four reportable segments, which we define based on geography. Our reportable segments consist of North America (55% of revenue), Europe (19% of revenue), Latin America (22% of revenue), and Asia (4% of revenue).

Our global branded consumer products strategy is to introduce innovative new products, increase brand customer loyalty, expand our presence in foreign markets, enhance our trade management platform, improve total cost and quality by expanding and leveraging our global operating platform and where appropriate, make strategic acquisitions and investments.

We monitor country-specific economic factors such as gross domestic product, consumer confidence, retail trends, housing starts and completions, sales of existing homes and mortgage interest rates as key indicators of industry demand. In addition to profitability, we also focus on country, brand, product and channel sales when assessing and forecasting financial results.

During 2008 and 2009, we experienced significant macroeconomic challenges including instability in the financial markets. These challenges have impacted the global economy, the capital markets and global demand for our products. Although we have made significant progress in reducing cost in 2009 to better align with global demand, and in improving our liquidity position, we expect that we will continue to experience the effects of liquidity strain on our suppliers, continued low consumer confidence and consumer discretionary spending.

Competition in the home appliance industry is intense in all global markets we serve. In addition to our traditional competitors such as Electrolux, General Electric, and Kenmore in North America, there has been an emergence of strong global competitors such as LG, Bosch Siemens, Samsung and Haier. In each geographic region, our customer base is consolidated and characterized by large, sophisticated trade customers who have many choices and demand competitive products, services and prices. We believe that our productivity and cost controls, new innovative product introductions, and improved product price/mix will enhance our ability to respond to these competitive conditions.

FACTORS AFFECTING COMPARABILITY

During the March 2009 quarter, we changed our method of depreciation prospectively for substantially all long-lived production machinery and equipment to a modified units of production depreciation method. Under this method, we record depreciation based on units produced, unless units produced drop below a minimum threshold at which point depreciation is recorded using the straight-line method. Prior to 2009, all machinery and equipment was depreciated using the straight-line method. We believe depreciating machinery and equipment based on units of production is a preferable method as it best matches the usage of assets with the revenues

 

F-2


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

derived from those assets. As a result of this change and our overall lower levels of production in 2009, our depreciation expense by operating segment decreased for 2009 as follows: North America—$46 million, Europe—$25 million, Latin America—$11 million and Asia—$1 million, for a total of $83 million. Net of amounts capitalized into ending inventories, gross margin increased for 2009 as follows: North America—$41 million, Europe—$19 million, Latin America—$11 million and Asia—$1 million, for a total of $72 million.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

For the year ended December 31, 2009, consolidated net sales were $17 billion. Consolidated net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders were $328 million, or $4.34 per diluted share, decreasing from $418 million or $5.50 per diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease in net sales and earnings reflects lower appliance industry demand resulting primarily from weaker economies within our North America and Europe regions and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency.

Consolidated Net Sales

The table below summarizes by region consolidated net sales and units sold:

 

Millions of dollars

       2009             Change             2008             Change             2007      

Consolidated Net Sales

          

North America

   $ 9,592      (11.0)%      $ 10,781      (8.1)%      $ 11,735   

Europe

     3,338      (16.9     4,016      4.4        3,848   

Latin America

     3,705             3,704      7.8        3,437   

Asia

     654      10.3        593      6.5        557   

Other/Eliminations

     (190          (187          (169
                            

Consolidated

   $ 17,099      (9.6   $ 18,907      (2.6   $ 19,408   
                            

In thousands

       2009             Change             2008             Change             2007      

Units Sold

          

North America

     24,631      (9.5)%        27,210      (10.4)%        30,352   

Europe

     11,798      (11.7     13,365      (2.0     13,641   

Latin America

     10,047      14.5        8,777      5.7        8,303   

Asia

     3,264      20.8        2,703      5.7        2,558   

Other/Eliminations

                 (1          (3
                            

Consolidated

     49,740      (4.4     52,054      (5.1     54,851   
                            

Consolidated net sales decreased 9.6% compared to 2008 primarily due to lower unit shipments and the impact of unfavorable foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, consolidated net sales decreased 5.8% compared to 2008. Consolidated net sales for 2008 decreased 2.6% compared to 2007 primarily due to lower unit shipments, which were partially offset by the favorable impact of foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, consolidated net sales decreased 5.1% compared to 2007.

Significant regional trends were as follows:

 

   

North America net sales decreased in 2009 by 11.0% compared to 2008 primarily due to a 9.5% decrease in units sold. The decline in units sold is due to decreased industry demand resulting from continued weak economies in the U.S., Mexico and Canada in 2009. Additionally, net sales was negatively impacted by the unfavorable impact of foreign currency, which was partially offset by improved product price/mix. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, North America net sales decreased 9.4% in 2009. North

 

F-3


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

 

America net sales decreased in 2008 by 8.1% compared to 2007 primarily due to a 10.4% decrease in units sold. The decline in units sold is primarily due to decreased industry demand resulting from a weak U.S. economy in 2008. Partially offsetting the decrease in units sold was better product price/mix and higher market share in 2008 compared to 2007. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, North America net sales decreased 8.2% in 2008.

 

   

Europe net sales decreased in 2009 by 16.9% compared to 2008, primarily due to an 11.7% decrease in units sold due to lower appliance industry demand and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Europe net sales decreased 11.2% in 2009. Net sales increased in 2008 by 4.4% compared to 2007, primarily due to favorable foreign currency and better product price/mix, partially offset by a decrease in unit volume due to lower market demand in the second half of the year. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Europe net sales decreased 3.1% in 2008.

 

   

Latin America net sales were consistent in 2009 compared to 2008 as the unfavorable impact of foreign currency and lower BEFIEX credits recognized were fully offset by a 14.5% increase in units sold. The increase in units sold was a result of favorable economic conditions and the Impostos sobre Produtos (“IPI”) sales tax holiday in Brazil. The IPI sales tax holiday was the primary driver of the reduction of BEFIEX credits monetized. This sales tax holiday was declared by the Brazilian government on certain appliances in our Latin America region beginning in the second quarter and extended through the remainder of 2009. During this holiday, we monetized reduced amounts of BEFIEX credits because our BEFIEX credits are monetized through the offset of IPI taxes due. The IPI sales tax holiday expired January 31, 2010. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Latin America net sales increased 7.1% in 2009. Net sales increased 7.8% in 2008 as compared to 2007, primarily due to an increase in volume of 5.7% and the favorable impact of foreign currency. The increase in volume was due to continued growth in the appliance industry, increased market share and favorable economic conditions throughout the region. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Latin America net sales increased 1.7% in 2008.

During the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, we monetized $69 million, $168 million and $131 million of BEFIEX credits, respectively. We expect to continue recognizing credits as they are monetized. As of December 31, 2009, $693 million of these export credits remain. Future actions by the Brazilian government could limit our ability to monetize these export credits.

 

   

Asia net sales increased 10.3% in 2009 compared to 2008 primarily due to a 20.8% increase in units sold offset partially by the impact of unfavorable foreign currency. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Asia net sales increased 18.4% in 2009. Net sales increased 6.5% in 2008 compared to 2007 primarily due to a 5.7% increase in units sold. The increase in volume was due to continued growth in the appliance industry, primarily in India. Excluding the impact of foreign currency, Asia net sales increased 9.7% in 2008.

Gross Margin

The consolidated gross margin percentage increased compared to 2008 due primarily to cost reduction initiatives and productivity improvements, partially offset by foreign currency and lower regional tax incentives associated with BEFIEX.

The table below summarizes gross margin percentages by region:

 

         2009             Change             2008             Change             2007      

North America

   12.9   2.9 pts    10.0   (2.5 )pts    12.5

Europe

   11.5      (2.5   14.0      (2.6   16.6   

Latin America

   17.2      (4.0   21.2      0.4      20.8   

Asia

   19.3      1.1      18.2      3.0      15.2   

Consolidated

   14.0      0.7      13.3      (1.6   14.9   

 

F-4


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

Significant regional trends were as follows:

 

   

North America gross margin increased in 2009 compared to 2008 primarily due to continued cost reductions and improved productivity, product price/mix and a postretirement curtailment gain associated with the suspension of annual credits to retiree health savings accounts totaling $80 million. Additionally, gross margin was positively impacted by a $41 million reduction in LIFO reserves resulting from cost deflation. These gross margin improvements were partially offset by the unfavorable impacts of lower volumes, foreign currency and $35 million in charges associated with a product recall. Gross margin decreased in 2008 compared to 2007 primarily due to higher material and oil-related costs, lower industry demand and lower productivity. Additionally, gross margin was positively impacted by certain asset sale gains totaling $31 million and postretirement curtailments totaling $15 million, which were more than offset by $42 million in higher reserves for LIFO resulting from cost inflation and a $32 million charge related to product recall. These decreases were partially offset by improved product price/mix. See Notes 4, 6 and 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information related to LIFO, product recalls and the postretirement curtailment gains, respectively.

 

   

Europe gross margin decreased in 2009 compared to 2008 due primarily to lower volumes, unfavorable foreign currency fluctuations, asset sale gains and insurance proceeds totaling $14 million recognized in 2008. These decreases were partially offset by cost reductions and productivity initiatives and lower material and oil-related costs. Gross margin decreased in 2008 compared to 2007 due primarily to lower productivity and industry demand, which were partially offset by improved product price/mix. Also contributing to lower gross margin were gains from asset sales of $9 million compared with $47 million recognized in 2007. Lower gains in 2008 associated with asset sales were partially offset by gains of $5 million from insurance proceeds.

 

   

Latin America gross margin decreased in 2009 compared to 2008 due primarily to a reduction in regional tax incentives associated with BEFIEX, higher material and oil-related costs, lower price/mix and an operating tax settlement, offset by improved productivity and certain credits in the amount of $11 million related to refundable energy surcharges. See Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information related to the foreign operating tax settlement. Gross margin increased in 2008 compared to 2007 due primarily to improvements in product price/mix, productivity and regional tax incentives associated primarily with BEFIEX, which combined to more than offset higher material and oil-related costs.

 

   

Asia gross margin increased in 2009 compared to 2008 primarily due to continued cost reductions and improved productivity and a $3 million asset sale gain, which were partially offset by lower product price/mix. Gross margin increased in 2008 as compared to 2007 due to improvements in product price/mix, productivity, inventory transition costs and volume, which more than offset higher material and oil-related costs.

Selling, General and Administrative

The table below summarizes selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales by region:

 

Millions of dollars

   2009    As a %
of Sales
    2008    As a %
of Sales
    2007    As a %
of Sales
 

North America

   $ 653    6.8   $ 851    7.9   $ 791    6.7

Europe

     362    10.8        414    10.3        391    10.2   

Latin America

     275    7.4        306    8.3        277    8.1   

Asia

     97    14.8        98    16.5        91    16.3   

Corporate/Other

     157           129           186      
                           

Consolidated

   $ 1,544    9.0   $ 1,798    9.5   $ 1,736    8.9
                           

 

F-5


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

In 2009, consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percent of consolidated net sales, decreased compared to the prior year, primarily as a result of infrastructure cost reductions and lower brand investments. In 2008, consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percent of consolidated net sales, increased compared to 2007, primarily due to lower sales volume and higher brand investment, partially offset by lower infrastructure costs and $20 million in gains associated with asset sales. Additionally, this increase was impacted by a $12 million operating tax credit recorded by our Latin America region during 2007.

Restructuring

Restructuring initiatives resulted in charges of $126 million, $149 million and $61 million in 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively, reflecting ongoing efforts to optimize our global operating platform. These charges are included in restructuring in our Consolidated Statements of Income and primarily consist of charges to restructure the cooking platform in Latin America, shift refrigeration and dishwasher capacity within Europe and North America, shift cooking capacity within North America, restructure the laundry platforms in North America, Europe and Asia and reorganize the salaried workforce throughout North America and Europe.

On October 27, 2008, management committed to a workforce reduction plan to reduce our employee base worldwide between the fourth quarter of 2008 and the beginning of 2010.

On August 28, 2009, we announced changes to our North American manufacturing operations which will result in the closure of our manufacturing facility in Evansville, Indiana in mid-2010. We currently expect that approximately 1,100 full-time positions will be eliminated as a result of the closure.

For additional information about restructuring and the impact by operating segment, see Note 10 and Note 13 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Interest and Sundry Income (Expense)

Interest and sundry expense for 2009 increased by $75 million from $100 million in 2008 to $175 million in 2009. The increase in expense in 2009 was primarily due to charges incurred for legal contingencies and legal defense, partially offset by the favorable impacts of foreign currency. Interest and sundry expense for 2008 increased by $37 million from $63 million in 2007 to $100 million in 2008. Higher expense in 2008 was primarily due to the impact of foreign currency and an impairment charge of $9 million in our Europe segment associated with an available for sale investment, partially offset by higher interest income. For additional information about litigation matters, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased for 2009 compared to 2008 primarily due to the combination of higher interest rates and higher average debt levels, offset partially by a reduction in accrued interest of $18 million as a result of entering into a special program in Brazil to settle tax liabilities. Interest expense in 2008 was consistent with 2007 as higher debt levels were offset by lower interest rates.

Income Taxes

The effective income tax rate was a benefit of 20.6% in 2009 and 81.7% in 2008 and an expense of 14.5% in 2007. The reduction in tax benefit from 2008 to 2009 is primarily due to an increase in profitability, changes in dispersion of global income and the unfavorable impact of audits and settlements. The reduction in tax expense in 2007 to a benefit in 2008 is primarily due to a decline in profitability, energy tax credits generated in the U.S. in 2008 from the production of certain eligible energy efficient appliances, as well as a combination of certain

 

F-6


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

discrete items recognized during the year, dispersion of global income, tax credit availability, and tax planning activities. For additional information about our consolidated tax provision, see Note 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Earnings from Continuing Operations

Earnings from continuing operations were $354 million in 2009 compared to $447 million and $669 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively, due to the factors described above.

 

Millions of dollars, except per share data

           2009                    2008                    2007        

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 354    $ 447    $ 669

Diluted net earnings from continuing operations per share

     4.68      5.88      8.37

Net Earnings Available to Whirlpool Common Stockholders

Net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders were $328 million in 2009 compared to $418 million and $640 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively, due to the factors described above. Earnings were impacted by $7 million in losses from discontinued operations for 2007.

 

Millions of dollars, except per share data

           2009                    2008                    2007        

Net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 328    $ 418    $ 640

Diluted net earnings per share available to Whirlpool common stockholders

     4.34      5.50      8.01

FORWARD-LOOKING PERSPECTIVE

For the year ended December 31, 2010, we currently estimate earnings per diluted share to be in the range of $6.50 to $7.00, and free cash flow for the year to be in the range of $400 to $500 million. Within North America we expect demand to increase 2-4% and within Europe we expect demand to remain flat. Within Latin America and Asia we expect demand to increase 5-10% and 3-5%, respectively. Material cost inflation is expected to increase by approximately $200 to $300 million, largely driven by increases in component parts, steel and base metals, such as copper, aluminum, zinc and nickel. We expect to offset these higher costs with productivity improvements, new product introductions, improved product price/mix and administrative and infrastructure cost reductions. Our innovation product pipeline continues to grow and drive higher average sales values. In addition, consumer and trade response to our new product offerings has been positive, and we continue to accelerate our global branded consumer products strategy of delivering relevant innovation to markets worldwide.

The table below reconciles projected 2010 cash provided by operations determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States to free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure. Management believes that free cash flow provides shareholders with a relevant measure of liquidity and a useful basis for assessing Whirlpool’s ability to fund its activities and obligations. There are limitations to using non-GAAP financial measures, including the difficulty associated with comparing companies that use similarly named non-GAAP measures whose calculations may differ from our calculations. We define free cash flow as cash provided by continuing operations after capital expenditures and proceeds from the sale of assets/businesses.

 

F-7


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

The projections shown here are based upon many estimates and are inherently subject to change based on future decisions made by management and the board of directors of Whirlpool, and significant economic, competitive and other uncertainties and contingencies.

 

Millions of dollars

   2010 Outlook  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 925      –      $ 1,025   

Capital expenditures

     (525   –        (575

Proceeds from sale of assets/businesses

          –        50   
                   

Free cash flow

   $ 400      –      $ 500   
                   

Agreements with trade customers

We enter into agreements with our trade customers in the ordinary course of business. Most of our products are not sold through long-term agreements. Most trade customers have the ability to change volume among suppliers.

We regularly negotiate with major trade customers and manufacturers regarding supply arrangements for future periods beyond the current year. Sears is a major trade customer for both our OEM and Whirlpool branded products, which accounted for approximately 10%, 11% and 12% of our consolidated net sales for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The products and volumes we supply and the revenues we obtain may be significantly different in the future than those which currently exist. Based on current supply arrangements, we anticipate maintaining a significant, but reduced, level of OEM volume beginning in 2010. In the past, when faced with a potential volume reduction from any one particular segment of our trade distribution network, we generally have been able to offset the decline through increased sales throughout our broad distribution network. We expect to continue to grow our own brand sales, supported by significant innovation, through our full distribution trade network and execution of our brand-focused value creation strategy.

FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY

Our objective is to finance our business through operating cash flow and the appropriate mix of long-term and short-term debt. By diversifying the maturity structure, we avoid concentrations of debt, reducing liquidity risk. We have varying needs for short-term working capital financing as a result of the nature of our business. The volume and timing of refrigeration and air conditioning production impacts our cash flows and consists of increased production in the first half of the year to meet increased demand in the summer months.

The funding markets have been volatile during the majority of 2008 and 2009 and we have experienced negative global economic trends. To succeed in this environment we have aggressively taken steps to further reduce all areas of cost, production capacity and working capital. As a result of the global volatility and challenging economic trends, we decided to exit the commercial paper market during the December 2008 quarter and initiated borrowing under our committed bank line of credit (“Credit Agreement”), provided by a syndicate of highly-rated banks. Outside the U.S., short-term funding is provided by bank borrowings on uncommitted lines of credit.

On February 27, 2009, we entered into an Amendment (the “First Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement to assure flexibility in future credit availability. The First Amendment increased the spread over LIBOR to 3%, the spread over prime to 2% and the utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed $1.1 billion, to 1% and replaced the facility fee with an unused commitment fee of 0.50%.

 

F-8


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

On August 13, 2009, we entered into a second Amendment to our Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”) to further assure flexibility in future credit availability. The Second Amendment divides and reduces the existing $2.2 billion credit facility into a $1.35 billion tranche maturing on August 13, 2012 (the “Extending Tranche”) and a $522 million tranche maturing December 1, 2010 (the “Non-Extending Tranche”). For the Extending Tranche, the Second Amendment provides a utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed 50% of the facility, of 0.50%, and for the Non-Extending Tranche, the utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed 50% of the facility, is 1%. The interest margin over LIBOR charged will be based on Whirlpool’s credit rating.

As of December 31, 2009, there was no balance outstanding under our credit facility.

On May 4, 2009, we completed a debt offering comprised of (1) $350 million aggregate principal amount of 8.000% Notes due 2012 and (2) $500 million aggregate principal amount of 8.600% Notes due 2014. The proceeds from the notes were used for general corporate purposes.

For additional information about our financing arrangements, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

We believe that our operating cash flow, together with access to sufficient sources of liquidity, will be adequate to meet our ongoing funding requirements. We are in compliance with financial covenants in our credit facility for all periods presented.

Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plans

On August 28, 2009, we announced the closure of our manufacturing facility in Evansville, Indiana in mid-2010. The announcement triggered a curtailment in our pension plan for Evansville hourly employees, resulting in a one-time curtailment loss of $6.6 million included in net periodic cost with an offset to other comprehensive income, net of tax. During 2009, we recorded the entire loss in our Consolidated Statement of Income as a component of cost of products sold. The closure of the Evansville facility also triggered a curtailment in our U.S. retiree healthcare plan, resulting in a curtailment gain. The curtailment gain will be recognized in our Consolidated Statement of Income as a component of cost of products sold as the employees terminate, which is expected to occur in 2010.

On June 16, 2009, the Board of Directors authorized the option for the company to use up to $100 million of company stock to fund the U.S. pension plans. If we elect to partially fund the U.S. pension plans in company stock, contributions may be made on a periodic basis from treasury stock, or, with the prior approval of the Finance Committee of the Board of Directors, from authorized, but unissued shares. As of December 31, 2009, we have not used company stock to fund our U.S. pension plans.

On February 9, 2009, we announced the indefinite suspension of the annual credit to retirement health savings accounts for the majority of active participants. The result of the suspension was a curtailment gain of $89 million.

On August 1, 2008, we amended certain retiree medical benefits associated with our Newton, Iowa manufacturing facility to be consistent with those benefits provided by the Whirlpool Corporation Group Benefit Plan. This amendment resulted in a reduction in the postretirement benefit obligation of $229 million with a corresponding increase to other comprehensive income, net of tax, within equity of our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2009.

 

F-9


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

401(k) Defined Contribution Plan

During the March 2009 quarter we announced an indefinite suspension of company matching contributions to our 401(k) defined contribution plan covering substantially all U.S. employees. We also announced that our automatic company contributions equal to 3% of employees’ eligible pay will be contributed in company stock. During the December 2009 quarter we announced the reinstatement of company matching contributions to our 401(k) defined contribution plan, covering substantially all U.S. employees, effective March 2010.

For additional information about pension and postretirement benefit plans see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Share Repurchase Program

In June 2004, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $500 million. During 2007, we repurchased 3.8 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $368 million and during the three months ended March 31, 2008, we repurchased 1.1 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $97 million under this program. At March 31, 2008, there were no remaining funds authorized under this program.

On April 23, 2008, our Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $500 million. Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. During 2008, we repurchased 1.9 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $150 million under this program. There were no repurchases during 2009. At December 31, 2009, there were $350 million of remaining funds authorized under this program.

Sources and Uses of Cash

We expect to meet our cash needs for 2010 from cash flows from continuing operations, cash and equivalents and financing arrangements. Our cash and equivalents were $1.4 billion at December 31, 2009 compared to $146 million at December 31, 2008.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities of Continuing Operations

Cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2009 was $1,550 million, an increase of $1,223 million compared to 2008. Cash provided by continuing operations reflects lower payments for inventory, lower cash payments for accounts payable and other operating accruals and lower employee compensation payments, partially offset by lower collections of accounts receivable. Cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2008 was $327 million, a decrease of $600 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2007. Cash provided by continuing operations for 2008 reflects lower cash earnings primarily from our North America and Europe segments compared to 2007. Cash provided by continuing operations also reflects lower accounts payable due to adjusting volume based on demand and higher pension contributions. The above decreases in cash flows were partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable and lower restructuring spending.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities of Continuing Operations

Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations was an outflow of $499 million in 2009 compared to an outflow of $433 million last year. The increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to lower proceeds from the sale of assets in 2009 and higher investments primarily associated with business acquisition activity in our international locations. Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations in 2008 was an outflow of $433 million compared to an outflow of $331 million during 2007. The increase in cash

 

F-10


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

used in investing activities was primarily due to 2007 receipt of proceeds from the sale of certain Maytag discontinued businesses of $100 million, lower proceeds from the sale of assets in 2008, and higher capital spending.

The goal of our global operating platform is to enhance our competitive position in the global home appliance industry by reducing costs, driving productivity and quality improvements, and accelerating our rate of innovation. We plan to continue our comprehensive worldwide effort to optimize our regional manufacturing facilities, supply base, product platforms and technology resources to better support our global products, brands and customers. We intend to make additional investments to improve our competitiveness in 2010. Capital spending is expected to be between $525 and $575 million in 2010 in support of our investment in innovative product technologies and our global operating platform initiatives.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities of Continuing Operations

Cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations for 2009 compared to 2008 was an inflow of $144 million in the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to an inflow of $141 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The current year reflects proceeds received related to two debt offerings totaling $850 million while the prior year reflects proceeds received related to the issuance of $500 million of 5.5% notes due March 1, 2013. For additional information about our $850 million debt offerings, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The current year also reflects net repayments of short-term borrowings and long-term debt repayments totaling $572 million compared to net repayments of $30 million in 2008. During 2009, we paid dividends to common stockholders totaling $128 million, paid debt financing fees of $38 million and received proceeds from the issuance of common stock related to option exercises of $21 million. During 2008, we repurchased stock totaling $247 million, paid dividends to common stockholders totaling $128 million and received proceeds from the issuance of common stock related to option exercises of $21 million.

Cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations for 2008 compared to 2007 was an inflow of $141 million in the year ended December 31, 2008 compared to an outflow of $696 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. The year ended December 31, 2008 reflects proceeds received related to the issuance of $500 million of 5.5% notes due March 1, 2013 and the repayment of $125 million of 9.1% debentures. Net proceeds of short-term borrowings were $101 million for the year ended December 31, 2008 compared to net repayments of $243 million in 2007. During 2008, we repurchased stock totaling $247 million, paid dividends to common stockholders totaling $128 million and received proceeds from the issuance of common stock related to option exercises of $21 million. During 2007, we repurchased stock totaling $368 million, paid dividends to common stockholders totaling $134 million and received proceeds from the issuance of common stock related to option exercises of $68 million.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

Whirlpool has guarantee arrangements in place in a Brazilian subsidiary. As a standard business practice in Brazil, the subsidiary guarantees customer lines of credit at commercial banks, supporting purchases from Whirlpool, following its normal credit policies. If a customer were to default on its line of credit with the bank, the subsidiary would be required to satisfy the obligation with the bank, and the receivable would revert back to the subsidiary. As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, these amounts totaled $300 million and $203 million, respectively. Our only recourse related to these agreements is legal or administrative collection efforts directed against the customer.

 

F-11


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND FORWARD-LOOKING CASH REQUIREMENTS

The following table summarizes our expected cash outflows resulting from financial contracts and commitments:

 

     Payments due by period
     Total    2010    2011 &
2012
   2013 &
2014
   Thereafter

Millions of dollars

              

Long-term debt obligations (1)

   $ 3,583    $ 563    $ 969    $ 1,287    $ 764

Operating lease obligations

     897      186      285      178      248

Purchase obligations (2)

     1,004      278      480      131      115

Other long-term liabilities (3)

     41      41      —        —        —  
                                  

Total (4)(5)

   $ 5,525    $ 1,068    $ 1,734    $ 1,596    $ 1,127
                                  

 

(1)   Interest payments related to long-term debt are included in the table above. For additional information about our financing arrangements, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

(2)   Purchase obligations include our “take-or-pay” contracts with materials vendors and minimum payment obligations to other suppliers.

 

(3)   Other long-term liabilities include our expected 2010 U.S. pension and foreign pension fund contributions in the amount of $41 million. Required contributions for future years depend on certain factors that cannot be determined at this time.

 

(4)   The table does not include short-term credit facility borrowings. For additional information about short-term borrowings, see Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

(5)   Not included in the above table are tax payments associated with uncertain tax positions as we are unable to estimate the period of payment.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”) requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions. We periodically evaluate these estimates and assumptions, which are based on historical experience, changes in the business environment and other factors that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.

 

F-12


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits

Accounting for pensions and other postretirement benefits involves estimating the costs of future benefits and attributing the cost over the employee’s expected period of employment. The determination of our obligation and expense for these costs requires the use of certain assumptions. Those assumptions include, among other assumptions, the discount rate, expected long-term rate of return on plan assets and health care cost trend rates. These assumptions are subject to change based on interest rates on high quality bonds, stock and bond markets and medical cost inflation, respectively. As permitted by GAAP, actual results that differ from our assumptions are accumulated and amortized over future periods and therefore, generally affect our recognized expense and accrued liability in such future periods. While we believe that our assumptions are appropriate given current economic conditions and actual experience, significant differences in results or significant changes in our assumptions may materially affect our pension and other postretirement obligations and related future expense. Our pension and other postretirement benefit obligations as of December 31, 2009 and preliminary retirement benefit costs for 2010 were prepared using the assumptions that were determined as of December 31, 2009. The following table summarizes the sensitivity of our December 31, 2009 retirement obligations and 2010 retirement benefit costs of our U.S. plans to changes in the key assumptions used to determine those results:

 

Millions of dollars

Change in assumption

  Estimated increase
(decrease) in 2010
pension cost
    Estimated increase
(decrease) in

Projected Benefit
Obligation for the
year ended
December 31, 2009
    Estimated increase
(decrease) in 2010
Other
Postretirement
Benefits cost
    Estimated increase
(decrease) in Other
Postretirement Benefit
Obligation for the
year ended

December 31, 2009
 

0.25% increase in discount rate

  $ (1.6   $ (102.1   $ 0.7      $ (14.1
                               

0.25% decrease in discount rate

    1.4        105.2        (0.7     15.1   
                               

0.25% increase in long-term return on assets

    (6.1                     
                               

0.25% decrease in long-term return on assets

    6.1                        
                               

0.50% increase in discount rate

    (3.4     (201.1     1.3        (28.1
                               

0.50% decrease in discount rate

    2.5        213.5        (1.5     30.3   
                               

0.50% increase in long-term return on assets

    (12.2                     
                               

0.50% decrease in long-term return on assets

    12.2                        
                               

1.00% increase in medical trend rates

                  1.8        31.7   
                               

1.00% decrease in medical trend rates

                  (1.7     (28.4
                               

These sensitivities may not be appropriate to use for other years’ financial results. Furthermore, the impact of assumption changes outside of the ranges shown above may not be approximated by using the above results. For additional information about our pension and other postretirement benefit obligations, see Note 12 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Income Taxes

We estimate our income taxes in each of the taxing jurisdictions in which we operate. This involves estimating actual current tax expense together with assessing any temporary differences resulting from the different treatment of certain items, such as the timing for recognizing expenses, for tax and accounting purposes in accordance with GAAP guidance. These differences may result in deferred tax assets or liabilities, which are included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We are required to assess the likelihood that deferred tax assets, which include net operating loss carryforwards and deductible temporary differences, are expected to be realizable in future years. Realization of our net operating loss and tax credit deferred tax assets is supported by specific tax planning strategies and considers projections of future profitability. We provide a valuation

 

F-13


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to an amount that will more likely than not be realized based on estimates of future taxable income in the various taxing jurisdictions, and the amount of deferred taxes that are ultimately realizable. If future taxable income is lower than expected or if tax planning strategies are not available as anticipated, we may record additional valuation allowances through income tax expense in the period such determination is made. Likewise, if we determine that we are able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of net recorded amounts, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset will increase income in the period such determination is made.

As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, we had total deferred tax assets of $2,275 million and $2,212 million, respectively, net of valuation allowances of $180 million and $147 million, respectively. Our effective tax rate has ranged from (81.7)% to 33.9% over the past five years and has been influenced by tax credits, audit settlements and adjustments, tax planning strategies, enacted legislation, and dispersion of global income. A 1.0% increase in our effective tax rate would have decreased 2009 earnings by approximately $3 million. Future changes in the effective tax rate will be subject to several factors, including enacted laws, tax planning strategies, business profitability and the expiration of energy tax credit legislation at the end of 2010.

In addition, we operate within multiple taxing jurisdictions and are subject to audit in these jurisdictions. These audits can involve complex issues, which may require an extended period of time to resolve. For additional information about income taxes, see Notes 1 and 11 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

BEFIEX Credits

Our Brazilian operations earned tax credits under the Brazilian government’s export incentive program. These credits reduce Brazilian federal excise taxes on domestic sales, resulting in an increase in the operations’ recorded net sales. Based on a recalculation of available credits and a favorable court decision in the December 2005 quarter, we were able to recognize approximately $69 million, $168 million and $131 million of export credits during 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. As of December 31, 2009, approximately $693 million of export credits remain. We recognize credits as they are monetized; however, future actions by the Brazilian government could limit our ability to monetize these export credits. BEFIEX credits are not subject to income taxes.

Product Recalls

The establishment of a liability for product recalls is periodically required and is impacted by several factors such as customer response rate, consumer options, field repair costs, inventory repair costs, extended warranty costs, communication structure and other miscellaneous costs such as legal, logistics and consulting. The customer response rate, which represents an estimate of the total number of units to be serviced as a percentage of the total number of units affected by the recall, is the most significant factor in estimating the total cost of each recall. To determine a response rate, we consider the population of the affected appliances based on evaluating the design issue or defective part in the appliance and the respective years in which it was included in manufacturing the appliance to determine the affected population. We also consider the type and age of the affected appliance to determine the affected population and apply historical response rates based on current and past experience factors to derive an estimated liability which is revised, as necessary, depending on our actual response rate. Differences between our assumptions and actual experience could have a material impact on our product recall reserves. For additional information about product recalls, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Warranty Obligations

The estimation of warranty obligations is determined in the same period that revenue from the sale of the related products is recognized. The warranty obligation is based on historical experience and reflects our best estimate of expected costs at the time products are sold. Warranty accruals are adjusted for known or anticipated

 

F-14


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

warranty claims as new information becomes available. Future events and circumstances could materially change our estimates and require adjustments to the warranty obligations. New product launches require a greater use of judgment in developing estimates until historical experience becomes available. For additional information about warranty obligations, see Note 6 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Goodwill and Intangible Valuations

We sell products under a number of trademarks, many of which we developed. Trademark development costs are expensed as incurred. We also purchase trademark assets and goodwill in acquisitions. Upon acquisition, the purchase price is first allocated to identifiable assets and liabilities, including trademark assets, based on estimated fair value, with any remaining purchase price recorded as goodwill. Trademarks and goodwill are considered indefinite lived intangible assets and as such are not amortized. We have two reporting units where goodwill is recorded which include North America and Embraco in our Latin America region. There have been no changes to our reporting units or allocations of goodwill by reporting units. We have trademark assets in our North America and Europe regions. Forecasted financial statements utilized in the valuation of our reporting units and forecasted revenue amounts utilized in determining the fair values of our trademarks are based upon Whirlpool’s current long range plans which are consistent with commercially available industry expectations. We test indefinite lived intangibles for impairment as of November 30 each year and more frequently if indicators of impairment exist.

Goodwill Valuations

Goodwill is evaluated using a two-step impairment test at the reporting unit level. The first step of the goodwill impairment test compares the book value of a reporting unit, including goodwill, with its fair value, as determined by its discounted cash flows. If the book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, we perform the second step of the impairment test to determine the amount of goodwill impairment loss to be recorded. In the second step, we determine an implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill by allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all of the assets and liabilities other than goodwill (including any unrecognized intangible assets). The difference between the total fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of all the assets and liabilities other than goodwill is the implied fair value of that goodwill. The amount of impairment loss is equal to the excess of the book value of the goodwill over the implied fair value of that goodwill.

We determine fair value based primarily on a discounted cash flow model which is an accepted valuation technique. Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating and macroeconomic changes and to estimate future cash flows from our reporting units.

Significant Assumptions in evaluating Goodwill

In assessing goodwill for impairment for the North America reporting unit, significant assumptions used in our discounted cash flow model as of November 30, 2009 included revenue growth rates, a long term growth rate and the discount rate.

 

   

Revenue growth rates used in the discounted cash flows model were based upon our long range plan for the next three years and range from -12% to 6%. Subsequent to this three year period, we applied expected growth rates to revenues which were consistent with commercially available industry market value and volume forecasts. The long term growth rate used was 2% based upon the compound average growth rate for the U.S. T-7 appliance industry (T-7 refers to the following appliance categories: washers, dryers, refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, ranges and compactors) over a 25 year period, and was also consistent with commercially available industry market value and volume forecasts.

 

F-15


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

   

The discount rate of 11% used in our discounted cash flow model, as of the November 30, 2009 assessment, was developed using the capital asset pricing model through which a weighted average cost of capital was derived. The discount rate was estimated using the risk free rate, market risk premium, and cost of debt prevalent as of the valuation date. The Beta and capital structure were estimated based on an analysis of comparable guideline companies. In addition, a risk premium was included to account for the risks inherent in the cash flows and to reconcile the fair value indicated by the discounted cash flow model to Whirlpool’s public market equity value at November 30, 2009.

Other Considerations in evaluating Goodwill

Additionally, in assessing goodwill impairment for the North America reporting unit, we considered the implied control premium and concluded the implied control premium was reasonable based on other recent market transactions.

The estimated fair value of our North America reporting unit has historically exceeded the carrying value by a substantial amount. As of our November 30, 2009 valuation, the estimated fair value of our North America reporting unit exceeded the carrying value by approximately 25%.

Our methodology for evaluating goodwill for impairment has not changed since our impairment test performed as of November 30, 2008. We have updated our revenue projections discussed above based on our current long range plan, and current industry and economic conditions. The long term growth rate for the North America reporting unit has not changed from the rate that was used in our last annual impairment test.

These assumptions could be adversely impacted by certain of the risks discussed in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.

Intangible Valuations

In assessing the fair value of trademarks, we utilize a relief from royalty method. If the carrying amount of a trademark exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess. Considerable judgment is necessary to estimate key assumptions involved in valuing our trademarks, including projected revenues, royalty rates and applicable discount rates.

In developing discount rates for the valuation of our trademarks, we used the industry average weighted average cost of capital as the base adjusted for the higher relative level of risks associated with doing business in other countries, as applicable, as well as the higher relative levels of risks associated with intangible assets. The premium added considered that we have reduced the projected revenue from the forecasts used in previous years due in part to lower industry demand driven by the current economic conditions in our respective markets. Based on this analysis, we determined discount rates ranging from 11.0% to 11.5% (11.0% to 11.5% in 2008).

In determining royalty rates for the valuation of our trademarks, we considered factors that affect the intrinsic royalty rates that would hypothetically be paid for the use of the trademarks. The most significant factors in determining the intrinsic royalty rates include the overall role and importance of the trademarks in the particular industry, the profitability of the products utilizing the trademark and trade name intangibles, and the position of the trademarked products in a given market segment. Based on this analysis, we determined royalty rates ranging from 2.0% to 5.0% (0.5% to 5.0% in 2008).

Based on the compound annual growth rate of the U.S. T-7 appliance industry over the past 25 years of 2%, and the strength of our trademarks in the marketplace, any reasonably likely change in the projected revenues or discount rate utilized in the valuation of our trademarks would not result in a material impairment charge.

 

F-16


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

For additional information about goodwill and intangible valuations, see Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 105, “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 168, “The FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles”). ASC 105 establishes the FASB ASC as the single source of authoritative nongovernmental U.S. GAAP. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on September 30, 2009, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 810, “Consolidation”, regarding the consolidation of variable interest entities (formerly SFAS No. 167, “Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)”). ASC 810 is intended to improve financial reporting by providing additional guidance to companies involved with variable interest entities and by requiring additional disclosures about a company’s involvement in variable interest entities. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after November 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on January 1, 2010, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing” (formerly SFAS No. 166, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets”). ASC 860 requires more information about transfers of financial assets and where companies have continuing exposure to the risk related to transferred financial assets. It eliminates the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity, changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets, and requires additional disclosure. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after November 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on January 1, 2010, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In April 2009, the FASB issued ASC 825, “Financial Instruments” (formerly FASB Staff Position 107-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments”). ASC 825 requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim reporting periods of publicly traded companies, as well as in annual financial statements. This standard also requires those disclosures in summarized financial information at interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of ASC 825 on June 30, 2009. See Notes 3 and 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information related to the fair value of our financial instruments.

In March 2008, the FASB issued the disclosure requirements within ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” (formerly SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, an Amendment of FASB No. 133”). ASC 815 is intended to improve transparency in financial reporting by requiring enhanced disclosures of an entity’s derivative instruments and hedging activities and their effects on the entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. The disclosure requirements apply to all derivative instruments within the scope of ASC 815. The standard also applies to non-derivative hedging instruments and all hedged items designated and qualifying under ASC 815. We adopted the disclosure requirements of ASC 815 on January 1, 2009. For additional information regarding derivative instruments and hedging activities, see Note 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In December 2007, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 805, “Business Combinations” (formerly SFAS No. 141(R), “Business Combinations”). ASC 805 requires us to continue to follow the guidance in SFAS 141 for certain aspects of business combinations, with additional guidance provided

 

F-17


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

defining the acquirer, the accounting for transaction costs and contingent consideration, recognizing and measuring the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, assets and liabilities arising from contingencies, defining a bargain purchase and recognizing and measuring goodwill or a gain from a bargain purchase. In addition, adjustments associated with changes in tax contingencies that occur after the measurement period, not to exceed one year, are recorded as adjustments to income. This statement was effective for all business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008; however, the guidance in this standard regarding the treatment of income tax contingencies is retrospective to business combinations completed prior to January 1, 2009. We adopted ASC 805 on January 1, 2009.

In December 2007, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 810, “Consolidation”, regarding noncontrolling interests (formerly SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements”). ASC 810-10-65 establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements. We adopted ASC 810-10-65 on January 1, 2009. As a result, we have reclassified financial statement line items within our Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Income for the prior period to conform with this standard. Additionally, see Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for disclosure reflecting the impact of ASC 810-10-65 on our reconciliation of comprehensive income and stockholders’ equity.

MARKET RISK

We have in place an enterprise risk management process that involves systematic risk identification and mitigation covering the categories of enterprise, strategic, financial, operation and compliance and reporting risk. The enterprise risk management process receives Board of Directors and Management oversight, drives risk mitigation decision-making and is fully integrated into our internal audit planning and execution cycle.

We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, domestic and foreign interest rates, and commodity prices, which can affect our operating results and overall financial condition. We manage exposure to these risks through our operating and financing activities and, when deemed appropriate, through the use of derivative financial instruments. Derivative financial instruments are viewed as risk management tools and are not used for speculation or for trading purposes. Derivative financial instruments are contracted with a diversified group of investment grade counterparties to reduce exposure to nonperformance on such instruments.

We use foreign currency forward contracts, currency options and currency swaps to hedge the price risk associated with firmly committed and forecasted cross-border payments and receipts related to ongoing business and operational financing activities. Foreign currency contracts are sensitive to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. At December 31, 2009, a 10% unfavorable exchange rate movement in each currency in our portfolio of foreign currency contracts would have resulted in an incremental unrealized loss of approximately $168 million, while a 10% favorable shift would have resulted in an incremental unrealized gain of approximately $168 million. Consistent with the use of these contracts to neutralize the effect of exchange rate fluctuations, such unrealized losses or gains would be offset by corresponding gains or losses, respectively, in the re-measurement of the underlying exposures.

We enter into commodity swap contracts to hedge the price risk associated with firmly committed and forecasted commodities purchases that are not fixed directly through supply contracts. As of December 31, 2009, a 10% favorable or unfavorable shift in commodity prices would have resulted in an incremental $50 million gain or a $50 million loss related to these contracts.

 

F-18


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

In January 2009, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch Ratings lowered our senior unsecured debt rating from “BBB” to “BBB-” and our short-term corporate credit and commercial paper ratings from “A-2” to “A-3” and “F-2” to “F-3”, respectively, based on weakened operating performance and the pullback in discretionary consumer spending. Also in January 2009, Moody’s Investor Services lowered our senior unsecured rating from “Baa2” to “Baa3” and our commercial paper ratings from “Prime-2” to “Prime-3” based on weakening appliance industry demand. These rating adjustments may result in higher interest costs if we were to seek additional financing in the capital markets. See Note 5 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on financing arrangements.

OTHER MATTERS

Government authorities in various jurisdictions are conducting antitrust investigations of the global compressor industry, including our compressor business headquartered in Brazil (“Embraco”). In 2009, Embraco sales represented approximately 7% of our global net sales.

In February 2009, competition authorities in Brazil, the U.S. and Europe began to seek documents from us in connection with their investigations. A grand jury subpoena from the U.S. Department of Justice requested documents for the time period from 2003 to 2009. Competition authorities in other jurisdictions have sought similar information.

In September 2009, the Brazilian competition commission (CADE) agreed to terminate the administrative investigation of our compressor business. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, Whirlpool affiliates and certain executives located in Brazil acknowledged a violation of Brazilian antitrust law in the Brazilian compressor market by some Embraco employees. The settlement agreement provides for the affiliates to make contributions totaling 100 million Brazilian reais to a Brazilian government fund. The contributions translate to approximately $56 million, all of which was recorded as an expense in 2009. In December 2009, a Brazilian court agreed to the public prosecutor’s request to suspend a related criminal proceeding as to certain employees, including Paulo Periquito, former President, Whirlpool International. The proceeding will be dismissed after three years provided that the individuals comply with certain conditions imposed by the court, such as payment to a government fund, a charitable donation and periodic reporting to authorities. Suspension and dismissal of the proceeding does not involve any admission or finding of wrongdoing. We are cooperating with the ongoing government investigations in other jurisdictions and have taken actions, and will continue to take actions, to minimize our potential exposure.

Since the government investigations became public in February 2009, we have been named as a defendant in numerous related antitrust lawsuits in various jurisdictions seeking damages in connection with the pricing of compressors from 1996 to 2009. Several other compressor manufacturers who are the subject of the government investigations have also been named as defendants in the litigation. United States federal lawsuits instituted on behalf of purported purchasers and containing class action allegations have been combined in one proceeding in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. We intend to defend the lawsuits vigorously.

The final outcome and impact of these matters, and related claims and investigations that may be brought in the future are subject to many variables, and cannot be predicted with certainty. An accrual has been established only where we have determined that a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. As of December 31, 2009, we have accrued charges of approximately $82 million related to these matters. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with these matters, such costs could have a material adverse effect on the financial position, liquidity, or results of operations of Whirlpool.

 

F-19


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

The Brazilian Constitution provides a general basis for recognizing tax credits on the purchase of raw materials used in production (“IPI tax credit”). Certain raw materials that are exempt or have a zero tax basis in the production process qualify for these IPI tax credits. Based on legal precedent, in 2003 and 2004, we recognized tax credits in an aggregate amount of $26 million adjusted for currency. The Brazilian tax authority subsequently challenged the recording of IPI tax credits. No credits were recognized in 2005 through 2009. In 2009, we entered into an agreement under a special Brazilian government program providing for extended payment terms and reductions in penalties and interest to encourage taxpayers to resolve disputed IPI tax credit amounts. Charges recorded related to this program for the year ended December 31, 2009 include $27 million in tax that was recorded in cost of products sold, $16 million in interest expense and $4 million in penalties recorded in interest and sundry income (expense) in our Consolidated Statements of Income. During the December 2009 quarter, based on newly issued regulations, we settled with the Brazilian tax authority to resolve these and other disputed tax amounts. As a result of this settlement agreement, we recorded an increase in value added taxes owed of approximately $4 million in cost of goods sold, a reduction in interest expense totaling $18 million related to interest abatement, a reduction in interest and sundry income (expense) of $4 million related to penalty abatement and related income tax expense of $5 million under this special program.

In 1989, a Brazilian affiliate (now a subsidiary) brought an action against a financial institution in Brazil seeking a “Declaration of Non-Enforceability of Obligations” relating to loan documentation entered into without authority by a senior officer of the affiliate. In September 2000, an adverse decision in the declaratory action became final. In 2001, the financial institution began a collection action and we responded with a counterclaim. The lower court dismissed the counterclaim in 2002 and the Superior Court confirmed the lower court decision in December 2005. The Superior Court dismissed our counterclaim in 2007. In late 2008, the lower court issued a decision in the collection action in favor of the financial institution in the amount of 283 million Brazilian reais (approximately $162 million), plus judicial adjustments, which could be significant. We have appealed this decision. Based on our outside counsel’s assessment of the case, we increased the amount previously accrued for our estimated exposure for this litigation by 80 million Brazilian reais (approximately $46 million) in the December 2009 quarter. However, the amount of the final award, if any, may be materially different than the amount we have accrued.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Certain statements contained in this annual report, including those within the forward-looking perspective section within this Management’s Discussion and Analysis, and other written and oral statements made from time to time by us or on our behalf do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. As such, they are considered “forward-looking statements” which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “could,” “possible,” “plan,” “project,” “will,” “forecast,” and similar words or expressions. Our forward-looking statements generally relate to our growth strategies, financial results, product development, and sales efforts. These forward-looking statements should be considered with the understanding that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by inaccurate assumptions. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual results may vary materially.

This document contains forward-looking statements about Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Whirlpool”) that speak only as of this date. Whirlpool disclaims any obligation to update these statements. Forward-looking statements in this document may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expected earnings per share, cash flow, productivity and material and oil-related prices. Many risks, contingencies and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from Whirlpool’s forward-looking

 

F-20


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS—(CONTINUED)

 

statements. Among these factors are: (1) changes in economic conditions which affect demand for our products, including the strength of the building industry and the level of interest rates; (2) the effects of the global economic crisis on our customers, suppliers and the availability of credit; (3) Whirlpool’s ability to continue its relationship with significant trade customers and the ability of these trade customers to maintain or increase market share; (4) intense competition in the home appliance industry reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers; (5) the ability of Whirlpool to manage foreign currency fluctuations; (6) product liability and product recall costs; (7) litigation and legal compliance risk; (8) the ability of Whirlpool to achieve its business plans, productivity improvements, cost control, leveraging of its global operating platform, and acceleration of the rate of innovation; (9) inventory and other asset risk; (10) fluctuations in the cost of key materials (including steel, oil, plastic, resins, copper and aluminum) and components and the ability of Whirlpool to offset cost increases; (11) the ability of suppliers of critical parts, components and manufacturing equipment to deliver sufficient quantities to Whirlpool in a timely and cost-effective manner; (12) health care cost trends, regulatory changes and variations between results and estimates that could increase future funding obligations for pension and post retirement benefit plans; (13) Whirlpool’s ability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights; (14) information technology system failures and data security breaches; (15) global, political and/or economic uncertainty and disruptions, especially in Whirlpool’s significant geographic regions, including uncertainty and disruptions arising from natural disasters or terrorist attacks; (16) the effects of governmental investigations or related actions by third parties; (17) the impact of labor relations; (18) our ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees; (19) changes in the legal and regulatory environment including environmental and health and safety regulations.

We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, and investors are advised to review disclosures in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. Therefore, investors should not consider the foregoing factors to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties, or factors that could potentially cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements. Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report.

 

F-21


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Year Ended December 31

(Millions of dollars, except per share data)

 

     2009     2008     2007  

Net sales

   $ 17,099      $ 18,907      $ 19,408   

Expenses

      

Cost of products sold

     14,713        16,383        16,517   

Selling, general and administrative (exclusive of intangible amortization)

     1,544        1,798        1,736   

Intangible amortization

     28        28        31   

Restructuring costs

     126        149        61   
                        

Operating profit

     688        549        1,063   

Other income (expense)

      

Interest and sundry income (expense)

     (175     (100     (63

Interest expense

     (219     (203     (203

Gain on sale of investment

                   7   
                        

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and other items

     294        246        804   

Income tax (benefit) expense

     (61     (201     117   
                        

Earnings from continuing operations before equity earnings

     355        447        687   

Equity in loss of affiliated companies

     (1            (18
                        

Earnings from continuing operations

     354        447        669   

Loss from discontinued operations net of tax of $3 for the year ended December 31, 2007

                   (7
                        

Net earnings

     354        447        662   

Less: Net earnings available to noncontrolling interests

     (26     (29     (22
                        

Net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 328      $ 418      $ 640   
                        

Per share of common stock

      

Basic earnings from continuing operations available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 4.39      $ 5.57      $ 8.24   

Discontinued operations available to Whirlpool common stockholders, net of tax

                   (0.09
                        

Basic net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 4.39      $ 5.57      $ 8.15   
                        

Diluted net earnings from continuing operations available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 4.34      $ 5.50      $ 8.10   

Discontinued operations available to Whirlpool common stockholders, net of tax

                   (0.09
                        

Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 4.34      $ 5.50      $ 8.01   
                        

Dividends

   $ 1.72      $ 1.72      $ 1.72   
                        

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)

      

Basic

     74.6        75.1        78.5   

Diluted

     75.6        76.0        79.9   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-22


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Millions of dollars, except per share data)

 

     December 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash and equivalents

   $ 1,380      $ 146   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for uncollectible accounts of $76 and $66 at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

     2,500        2,103   

Inventories

     2,197        2,591   

Prepaid expenses

     99        110   

Deferred income taxes

     295        580   

Other current assets

     554        514   
                

Total current assets

     7,025        6,044   
                

Other assets

    

Goodwill, net

     1,729        1,728   

Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $132 and $96 at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

     1,796        1,821   

Other assets

     1,427        954   
                

Total other assets

     4,952        4,503   
                

Property, plant and equipment

    

Land

     77        74   

Buildings

     1,207        1,186   

Machinery and equipment

     8,193        7,549   

Accumulated depreciation

     (6,360     (5,824
                

Total property, plant and equipment

     3,117        2,985   
                

Total assets

   $ 15,094      $ 13,532   
                

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

    

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 3,308      $ 2,805   

Accrued expenses

     632        530   

Accrued advertising and promotions

     475        440   

Employee compensation

     501        306   

Notes payable

     23        393   

Current maturities of long-term debt

     378        202   

Other current liabilities

     624        887   
                

Total current liabilities

     5,941        5,563   
                

Noncurrent liabilities

    

Long-term debt

     2,502        2,002   

Pension benefits

     1,557        1,505   

Postretirement benefits

     693        822   

Other liabilities

     641        567   
                

Total noncurrent liabilities

     5,393        4,896   
                

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity

    

Common stock, $1 par value, 250 million shares authorized, 105 million and 104 million shares issued at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, 75 million and 73 million shares outstanding at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

     105        104   

Additional paid-in capital

     2,067        2,033   

Retained earnings

     4,193        3,993   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (868     (1,259

Treasury stock, 30 million shares and 31 million shares at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

     (1,833     (1,865
                

Total Whirlpool stockholders’ equity

     3,664        3,006   
                

Noncontrolling interests

     96        67   
                

Total stockholder’s equity

     3,760        3,073   
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 15,094      $ 13,532   
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-23


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Year ended December 31

(Millions of dollars)

 

     2009     2008     2007  

Operating activities of continuing operations

      

Net earnings

   $ 354      $ 447      $ 662   

Loss from discontinued operations

                   7   
                        

Earnings from continuing operations

     354        447        669   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     525        597        593   

Curtailment gain

     (92              

Gain on disposition of assets

     (4     (60     (65

Gain on sale of investment

                   (7

(Decrease) increase in LIFO inventory reserve

     (41     42        9   

Equity in losses of affiliated companies, less dividends received

     1               18   

Changes in assets and liabilities:

      

Accounts receivable

     (286     300        181   

Inventories

     578        (174     (194

Accounts payable

     326        (250     105   

Restructuring charges, net of cash paid

     (14     33        (82

Taxes deferred and payable, net

     (112     (256     10   

Accrued pension

     (84     (123     (70

Employee compensation

     213        (84     (24

Other

     186        (145     (216
                        

Cash provided by continuing operating activities

     1,550        327        927   
                        

Investing activities of continuing operations

      

Capital expenditures

     (541     (547     (536

Proceeds from sale of assets

     77        119        130   

Proceeds from sale of Maytag adjacent businesses

                   100   

Investment in related businesses

     (35     (5     (25
                        

Cash used in investing activities of continuing operations

     (499     (433     (331
                        

Financing activities of continuing operations

      

Proceeds from borrowings of long-term debt

     872        545        3   

Net (repayments) proceeds from short-term borrowings

     (362     101        (243

Repayments of long-term debt

     (210     (131     (17

Dividends paid

     (128     (128     (134

Common stock issued

     21        21        68   

Purchase of treasury stock

            (247     (368

Other

     (49     (20     (5
                        

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities of continuing operations

     144        141        (696
                        

Cash provided by operating activities from discontinued operations

                   6   
                        

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents

     39        (90     33   
                        

Increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents

     1,234        (55     (61

Cash and equivalents at beginning of year

     146        201        262   
                        

Cash and equivalents at end of year

   $ 1,380      $ 146      $ 201   
                        

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

      

Cash paid for interest

   $ 209      $ 200      $ 204   

Cash paid for taxes

     51        76        39   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-24


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Year ended December 31

(Millions of dollars)

 

    Total     Whirlpool Common Stockholders   Non-
Controlling
Interests
 
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Treasury Stock/
Additional Paid-
in-Capital
    Common Stock  

Balances, December 31, 2006

  $ 3,331      $ 3,205      $ (643   $ 619      $ 102   $ 48   

Comprehensive income

           

Net earnings

    662        640                          22   

Other comprehensive income
( See Note 8 )

    385               373                   12   
                 

Comprehensive income

    1,047             
                 

Adoption of ASC 740
(formerly FIN 48)

    (8     (8                         

Stock repurchased

    (368                   (368           

Stock issued

    130                      124        1     5   

Dividends declared

    (152     (134                       (18
                                             

Balances, December 31, 2007

    3,980        3,703        (270     375        103     69   

Comprehensive income

           

Net earnings

    447        418                          29   

Other comprehensive income
( See Note 8 )

    (1,003            (989                (14
                 

Comprehensive income

    (556          
                 

Stock repurchased

    (247                   (247           

Stock issued

    41                      40        1       

Dividends declared

    (145     (128                       (17
                                             

Balances, December 31, 2008

    3,073        3,993        (1,259     168        104     67   

Comprehensive income

           

Net earnings

    354        328                          26   

Other comprehensive income
( See Note 8 )

    409               391                   18   
                 

Comprehensive income

    763             
                 

Stock issued

    67                      66        1       

Dividends declared

    (143     (128                       (15
                                             

Balances, December 31, 2009

  $ 3,760      $ 4,193      $ (868   $ 234      $ 105   $ 96   
                                             

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-25


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(1) SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

General Information

Whirlpool Corporation, a Delaware corporation, is the world’s leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances. We manufacture appliances in 12 countries under 13 principal brand names in four geographic operating segments and market products in nearly every country around the world. Our Consolidated Financial Statements include all majority-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

We have evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which was February 17, 2010.

Use of Estimates

We are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are recorded when title passes to the customer as determined by the shipping terms. For the majority of our sales, title is transferred to the customer as soon as products are shipped. For a portion of our sales, title is transferred to the customer upon receipt of products at the customer’s location. Allowances for estimated returns are made on sales of certain products based on historical return rates for the products involved.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We carry accounts receivable at sales value less an allowance for doubtful accounts. We periodically evaluate accounts receivable and establish an allowance for doubtful accounts based on a combination of specific customer circumstances, credit conditions and the history of write-offs and collections. We evaluate items on an individual basis when determining accounts receivable write-offs. Our policy is to not charge interest on trade receivables after the invoice becomes past due. A receivable is considered past due if payment has not been received within agreed upon invoice terms.

Freight and Warehousing Costs

We classify freight and warehousing costs within cost of products sold within our Consolidated Statements of Income.

Cash and Equivalents

All highly liquid debt instruments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less are considered cash equivalents.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) cost, except U.S. production inventories, which are stated at last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) cost, and Brazil and Asia inventories, which are stated at average cost. Costs do not exceed realizable values. See Note 4 for additional information about inventories.

 

F-26


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles

Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are required to be evaluated for impairment on an annual basis (or whenever events occur which may indicate possible impairment). Goodwill is evaluated using a two-step impairment test at the reporting unit level. The first step of the goodwill impairment test compares the book value of a reporting unit, including goodwill, with its fair value, as determined by its discounted cash flows. If the book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, we perform the second step of the impairment test to determine the amount of goodwill impairment loss to be recorded. In the second step, we determine an implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill by allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all of the assets and liabilities other than goodwill (including any unrecognized intangible assets). The difference between the total fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of all the assets and liabilities other than goodwill is the implied fair value of that goodwill. The amount of impairment loss is equal to the excess of the book value of the goodwill over the implied fair value of that goodwill.

In assessing the fair value of trademarks, we utilize a relief from royalty method. If the carrying amount of a trademark exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess. Considerable judgment is necessary to estimate key assumptions involved in valuing our trademarks, including projected revenues, royalty rates and applicable discount rates.

Definite lived intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful life ranging from 6 to 18 years. See Note 2 for additional information about goodwill and intangible assets.

Accounts Payable Outsourcing

We offer our suppliers access to a payables presentment and settlement service (PPS) provided by a third party processor. This service allows our suppliers to view scheduled Whirlpool payments online, enabling them to better manage their cash flow and reduce payment processing costs. Independent of Whirlpool, the PPS provider also allows suppliers to sell their receivables to financial institutions at the sole discretion of both the supplier and the financial institution. We have no economic interest in the sale of these receivables and no direct relationship with financial institutions concerning this service. All of our obligations, including amounts due, remain to our suppliers as stated in our supplier agreements. As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, approximately $246 million and $119 million, respectively, of our total accounts payable is available for this purpose and approximately $145 million and $72 million, respectively, has been sold by suppliers to participating financial institutions.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and totaled $455 million, $436 million and $421 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Advertising Costs

Advertising costs are charged to expense when the advertisement is first communicated and totaled $211 million, $336 million and $321 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Discontinued Operations

We present the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of operations that have either been sold or that meet the “held for sale accounting” and certain other criteria as discontinued operations.

 

F-27


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency for our international subsidiaries and affiliates is typically the local currency. Certain international subsidiaries primarily utilize the U.S. dollar and Euro as the functional currency.

Long-Lived Assets

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. During the March 2009 quarter, we changed our method of depreciation prospectively for substantially all long-lived production machinery and equipment to a modified units of production depreciation method. Under this method, we record depreciation based on units produced, unless units produced drop below a minimum threshold at which point depreciation is recorded using the straight-line method. Prior to 2009, all machinery and equipment was depreciated using the straight-line method. We believe depreciating machinery and equipment based on units of production is a preferable method as it best matches the usage of assets with the revenues derived from those assets. For nonproduction long-lived assets, we depreciate costs based on the straight-line method. Depreciation expense for property, plant and equipment was $497 million, $569 million and $562 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The estimated useful lives for major asset classifications are as follows:

 

Asset Classification

   Estimated
Useful Life

Buildings

   25 to 50 years

Machinery and equipment

   4 to 23 years

Computer/Software

   1 to 8 years

As a result of this change in method, and lower overall production levels in 2009, depreciation expense decreased by $83 million from what would have been recorded using the straight-line method. Net of amounts capitalized into ending inventories and income taxes, net earnings increased $48 million for 2009, or $.64 per diluted share.

We classify gains and losses associated with asset dispositions in the same line item as the underlying depreciation of the disposed asset in the Consolidated Statements of Income. Net gains and losses recognized in cost of products sold include a loss of $3 million for 2009 and gains of $16 million and $51 million for 2008, and 2007, respectively. Net gains recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses include $1 million, $19 million and $14 million for 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

We record impairment losses on long-lived assets when events and circumstances indicate the assets may be impaired and the estimated future cash flows generated by those assets are less than their carrying amounts.

Derivative Financial Instruments

We use derivative instruments designated as cash flow and fair value hedges to manage our exposure to the volatility in material costs, foreign currency and interest rates on certain debt instruments. We fair value these derivative instruments periodically. Changes in the fair value of derivative assets or liabilities (i.e., gains or losses) are recognized depending upon the type of hedging relationship and whether a hedge has been designated. For those derivative instruments that qualify for hedge accounting, we designate the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a cash flow hedge, fair value hedge, or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation. Changes in fair value of derivative instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognized immediately in current earnings. See Note 7 for additional information about hedges and derivative financial instruments.

 

F-28


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Income Taxes

In accounting for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of the respective assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect for the year that the differences are expected to reverse. Judgment is required in determining and evaluating our income tax provisions. We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. We evaluate and adjust these accruals in light of changing facts and circumstances. For additional information about income taxes, see Note 11.

Stock Based Compensation

We recognize stock based compensation expense based on the grant date fair value of the award over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award (generally the vesting period). The fair value of stock options is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which incorporates assumptions regarding the risk-free interest rate, expected volatility, expected option life and dividend yield. Stock options are granted with an exercise price equal to the stock price on the date of grant. The fair value of restricted stock units and performance stock units is based on the closing market price of Whirlpool common stock on the grant date. See Note 9 for additional information about stock based compensation.

BEFIEX Credits

Our Brazilian operations earned tax credits under the Brazilian government’s export incentive program. These credits reduce Brazilian federal excise taxes on domestic sales, resulting in an increase in the operations’ recorded net sales. Based on a recalculation of available credits and a favorable court decision in the fourth quarter of 2005, we were able to recognize approximately $69 million, $168 million and $131 million of export credits during 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. As of December 31, 2009, approximately $693 million of export credits remain. We recognize credits as they are monetized; however, future actions by the Brazilian government could limit our ability to monetize these export credits. See Note 11 for additional information about how these credits impact our effective tax rate which are included in “Foreign government tax incentive” in the rate reconciliation of our effective tax rate.

Reclassifications

We reclassified certain prior period amounts in our Consolidated Financial Statements to be consistent with current period presentation. The effect of these reclassifications is not material.

New Accounting Standards

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 105, “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 168, “The FASB Accounting Standards Codification and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles”). ASC 105 establishes the FASB ASC as the single source of authoritative nongovernmental U.S. GAAP. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on September 30, 2009, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 810, “Consolidation”, regarding the consolidation of variable interest entities (formerly SFAS No. 167, “Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)”). ASC 810 is intended to improve financial reporting by providing additional guidance to companies

 

F-29


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

involved with variable interest entities and by requiring additional disclosures about a company’s involvement in variable interest entities. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after November 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on January 1, 2010, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing” (formerly SFAS No. 166, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets”). ASC 860 requires more information about transfers of financial assets and where companies have continuing exposure to the risk related to transferred financial assets. It eliminates the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity, changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets, and requires additional disclosure. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after November 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of the standard on January 1, 2010, which did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In April 2009, the FASB issued ASC 825, “Financial Instruments” (formerly FASB Staff Position 107-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments”). ASC 825 requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim reporting periods of publicly traded companies, as well as in annual financial statements. This standard also requires those disclosures in summarized financial information at interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. We adopted the provisions of ASC 825 on June 30, 2009. See Notes 3 and 5 for information related to the fair value of our financial instruments.

In March 2008, the FASB issued the disclosure requirements within ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging” (formerly SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, an Amendment of FASB No. 133”). ASC 815 is intended to improve transparency in financial reporting by requiring enhanced disclosures of an entity’s derivative instruments and hedging activities and their effects on the entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. The disclosure requirements apply to all derivative instruments within the scope of ASC 815. The standard also applies to non-derivative hedging instruments and all hedged items designated and qualifying under ASC 815. We adopted the disclosure requirements of ASC 815 on January 1, 2009. For additional information regarding derivative instruments and hedging activities, see Note 7.

In December 2007, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 805, “Business Combinations” (formerly SFAS No. 141(R), “Business Combinations”). ASC 805 requires us to continue to follow the guidance in SFAS 141 for certain aspects of business combinations, with additional guidance provided defining the acquirer, the accounting for transaction costs and contingent consideration, recognizing and measuring the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, assets and liabilities arising from contingencies, defining a bargain purchase and recognizing and measuring goodwill or a gain from a bargain purchase. In addition, adjustments associated with changes in tax contingencies that occur after the measurement period, not to exceed one year, are recorded as adjustments to income. This statement was effective for all business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008; however, the guidance in this standard regarding the treatment of income tax contingencies is retrospective to business combinations completed prior to January 1, 2009. We adopted ASC 805 on January 1, 2009.

In December 2007, the FASB issued accounting guidance contained within ASC 810, “Consolidation”, regarding noncontrolling interests (formerly SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements”). ASC 810-10-65 establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements. We adopted ASC 810-10-65 on January 1, 2009. As a result, we have reclassified financial statement line items within our Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Income for the prior period to conform with this standard. Additionally, see Note 8 for disclosure reflecting the impact of ASC 810-10-65 on our reconciliation of comprehensive income and stockholders’ equity.

 

F-30


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

(2) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLES

Goodwill

Goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles are subject to an annual impairment analysis performed during the fourth quarter of each year, by reporting unit. We determine the fair value of each reporting unit using discounted cash flows. Our reporting units include: North America, Europe, Multibras and Embraco (which combined is our Latin America reportable operating segment) and Asia. We performed the annual impairment tests and determined there is no impairment for any period presented.

The following table summarizes the net carrying amount of goodwill:

 

Reporting unit—Millions of dollars

   December 31,
   2009    2008

North America

   $ 1,724    $ 1,724

Embraco

     5      4
             

Total

   $ 1,729    $ 1,728
             

Other Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes our net carrying value of intangible assets by operating segment (North America (“NAR”), Latin America (“LAR”) and Europe (“WER”)), as follows:

 

December 31—Millions of dollars

   NAR    LAR    WER    Total    Estimated
Useful Life
   2009    2008    2009    2008    2009    2008    2009    2008   

Trademarks

   $ 1,478    $ 1,478    $    $    $ 34    $ 34    $ 1,512    $ 1,512    Indefinite life

Customer relationships

     226      242                          226      242    18 years

Patents and non-compete agreements

     42      53      6      5      10      9      58      67    6 to 10 years
                                                          

Total other intangibles assets, net

   $ 1,746    $ 1,773    $ 6    $ 5    $ 44    $ 43    $ 1,796    $ 1,821   
                                                          

Amortization expense is estimated to be $28 million for each of the years 2010-2012, $20 million for 2013 and $16 million for 2014.

(3) FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is measured based on an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, a three-tier fair value hierarchy is established, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on one or more of three valuation techniques. The three valuation techniques are identified in the table below and are as follows:

 

  (a)   Market approach—prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities

 

F-31


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

  (b)   Cost approach—amount that would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost)

 

  (c)   Income approach—techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based on market expectations (including present value techniques, option-pricing and excess earnings models)

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows:

 

December 31—Millions of dollars

   Total     Quoted Prices In
Active Markets for
Identical Assets

(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable Inputs

(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
   Valuation
Technique
 

2009

            

Money market funds (1)

   $ 355      $ 355    $      $    (a

Net derivative contracts

     97             97           (a

Available for sale investments

     25        25                (a

2008

            

Net derivative contracts

   $ (234   $    $ (234   $    (a

Available for sale investments

     17        17                (a

 

(1)   Money market funds are primarily comprised of U.S. government obligations.

During 2008, we recorded an impairment charge of $9 million in our Europe segment associated with an available for sale investment. The impairment charge was recorded in interest and sundry income (expense) in our Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended December 31, 2008.

(4) INVENTORIES

 

December 31—Millions of dollars

   2009     2008  

Finished products

   $ 1,853      $ 2,213   

Work in process

     50        49   

Raw materials

     439        515   
                
     2,342        2,777   

Less excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost

     (145     (186
                

Total inventories

   $ 2,197      $ 2,591   
                

The decrease in inventories in 2009 compared to 2008 is driven primarily by increased demand in our Latin America region due to favorable economic conditions in Brazil, the Impostos sobre Produtos sales tax holiday declared by the Brazilian government for the second half of 2009 and decreases in production levels in our North America and Europe regions.

LIFO inventories represent approximately 40% and 43% of total inventories at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Throughout 2009, we decreased our excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost reserve due to the impact of lower materials costs during 2009 and decrements in LIFO layers totaling approximately $2 million.

 

F-32


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

(5) FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

Debt

The following table summarizes our debt at December 31, 2009 and 2008:

 

Millions of dollars

   2009    2008

Variable rate notes, maturing through 2009

   $    $ 200

Senior note—8.6%, maturing 2010

     325      325

Senior note—6.125%, maturing 2011

     300      300

Senior note—8.0%, maturing 2012

     350     

Medium-term note—5.5%, maturing 2013

     499      499

Maytag medium-term note—6.5%, maturing 2014

     102      102

Senior note—8.6%, maturing 2014

     500     

Maytag medium-term note—5.0%, maturing 2015

     192      190

Senior note—6.5%, maturing 2016

     249      249

Debentures—7.75%, maturing 2016

     244      243

Other (various maturing through 2016)

     119      96
             
     2,880      2,204

Less current maturities

     378      202
             

Total long-term debt, net of current maturities

   $ 2,502    $ 2,002
             

The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of our debt, including current maturities, at December 31, 2009:

 

Millions of dollars

    

2010

   $ 378

2011

     312

2012

     361

2013

     511

2014

     611

Thereafter

     707
      

Total debt

   $ 2,880
      

On May 4, 2009, we completed a debt offering comprised of (1) $350 million aggregate principal amount of 8.000% notes due May 1, 2012 and (2) $500 million aggregate principal amount of 8.600% notes due May 1, 2014. The proceeds from the notes were used for general corporate purposes. If we experience a downgrade in our credit ratings, the notes are subject to an increase in the interest rate, resulting in higher interest payments. The notes contain customary covenants that limit our ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The notes are registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-157392) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 19, 2009.

On February 28, 2008 we completed the issuance of $500 million 5.50% notes due March 1, 2013. The notes were issued under an existing shelf registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We pay interest semiannually on March 1 and September 1. The notes contain a provision which requires Whirlpool to make an offer to purchase the notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus any accrued and unpaid interest if certain change of control events occur. The notes are also subject to customary non-financial covenants.

 

F-33


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

During 2009, we have incurred and paid a total of $5.3 million in debt financing related fees. These amounts have been capitalized and are being amortized over the term of the respective agreements.

We are in compliance with debt covenant requirements at December 31, 2009.

The fair value of long-term debt (including current maturities) at December 31, 2009 and 2008 was $3,060 million and $2,037 million, respectively, and was estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements.

Notes Payable

Notes payable consist of short-term borrowings payable to banks. The fair value of our notes payable approximates the carrying amount due to the short maturity of these obligations. The weighted-average interest rate on notes payable was 4.3% and 3.8% for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

We have credit facilities which provide $1.35 billion maturing on August 13, 2012 and $522 million maturing December 1, 2010, and include a $200 million letter of credit subfacility. Borrowings under the credit facilities are available to us and designated subsidiaries for general corporate purposes, including commercial paper support. Subsidiary borrowings under these facilities, if any, are guaranteed by us. Interest under the credit facilities accrues at a variable annual rate based on LIBOR plus a margin or the prime rate plus a margin. The margin is dependent on our credit rating at that time. The credit facilities require us to meet certain leverage and interest coverage requirements. At December 31, 2009 and 2008, borrowings of $0 and $247 million, respectively, were outstanding under these credit agreements and are included within notes payable in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We are in compliance with financial covenant requirements at December 31, 2009 and 2008.

On February 27, 2009, we entered into an amendment (the “First Amendment”) to the Amended and Restated Long-Term Five-Year Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), dated as of December 1, 2005, by and among Whirlpool Corporation, certain other borrowers, the lenders referred to therein, Citibank N.A., as administrative agent and fronting agent, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as syndication agent, and ABN Amro Bank N.V., Royal Bank of Scotland and Bank of America, as documentation agents.

The First Amendment amends our $2.2 billion Credit Agreement to (1) increase our maximum Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) to 3.5 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended on or prior to December 31, 2009, reverting to 3.0 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended thereafter; (2) reduce our minimum Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) to 1.5 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended on or prior to December 31, 2009, reverting to 2.0 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended thereafter; (3) limit the value of the assets subject to non-permitted liens to an amount equal to $200 million and permit liens on assets located outside of the United States arising by operation of law; (4) exclude an amount of non-recurring cash restructuring charges of up to $100 million on a rolling 12 month basis for the purposes of calculating “Consolidated EBIT” and “Consolidated EBITDA” under the Credit Agreement; (5) for purposes of calculating the “Leverage Ratio,” provide for a $200 million exclusion from the definition of “Indebtedness” for net assets or liabilities with respect to hedging contracts; (6) increase the spread over LIBOR to 3%, the spread over prime to 2%, and the utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed $1.1 billion, to 1% as of the date of the First Amendment; and (7) replace the facility fee with an unused commitment fee of 0.50%, as of the date of the First Amendment.

On August 13, 2009, we entered into a second amendment (the “Second Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement pursuant to which Whirlpool Corporation amended and restated such facility to be an Amended and Restated Long-Term Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”), by and among Whirlpool Corporation, certain other borrowers, the lenders referred to therein, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent and Fronting Agent, Citibank, N.A., as Syndication Agent, The Royal Bank of Scotland plc, Fortis Capital Corp. and Bank of America, N.A., as Documentation Agents.

 

F-34


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

The Second Amendment divides and reduces the existing credit facility into a $1.35 billion tranche maturing on August 13, 2012 (the “Extending Tranche”) and a $522 million tranche maturing December 1, 2010 (the “Non-Extending Tranche”). The Second Amendment also increases the letter of credit sublimit from $100 million to $200 million. The interest rate margin over LIBOR and the prime rate will be charged based on Whirlpool’s credit rating.

For the Extending Tranche, the Second Amendment provides that the utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed 50% of the facility, is 0.50%. For the Non-Extending Tranche, the Second Amendment provides that the utilization fee to be paid, if amounts borrowed exceed 50% of the facility, is 1%. We will incur a commitment fee for any unused portion of the credit facility which is based on Whirlpool’s credit rating.

The Second Amendment requires us to meet certain financial tests. Whirlpool’s maximum rolling twelve month Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) is limited to 3.5 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended on or prior to December 31, 2010, and 3.25 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended thereafter. The rolling twelve month Interest Coverage Ratio (as redefined in the Amended Credit Agreement as EBITDA to Interest Expense) is required to be greater than or equal to 2.5 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended on or prior to December 31, 2010 and 3.0 to 1.0 for each fiscal quarter ended thereafter.

During 2009, we have incurred and paid a total of $32.8 million in notes payable financing related fees. These amounts have been capitalized and are being amortized over the term of the respective agreements.

(6) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Guarantees

We have guarantee arrangements in a Brazilian subsidiary. As a standard business practice in Brazil, the subsidiary guarantees customer lines of credit at commercial banks to support purchases following its normal credit policies. If a customer were to default on its line of credit with the bank, our subsidiary would be required to satisfy the obligation with the bank, and the receivable would revert back to the subsidiary. At December 31, 2009 and 2008, the guaranteed amounts totaled $309 million and $203 million, respectively. Our only recourse with respect to these arrangements would be legal or administrative collection efforts directed against the customer.

We provide guarantees of indebtedness and lines of credit for various consolidated subsidiaries. The maximum amount of credit facilities available under these lines for consolidated subsidiaries totaled $1.4 billion and $1.3 billion at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our total outstanding bank indebtedness under guarantees totaled $18 million and $364 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

As of May 16, 2008, we guaranteed a $50 million five year revolving credit facility between certain financial institutions and a not-for-profit entity in connection with a community and economic development project (“Harbor Shores”). The fair value of the guarantee is nominal. The purpose of Harbor Shores is to stimulate employment and growth in the areas of Benton Harbor and St. Joseph, Michigan. In the event of default, we must satisfy the guarantee of the credit facility up to the amount borrowed at the date of default.

Warranty Reserves

Product warranty reserves are established in the same period that revenue from the sale of the related products is recognized. The amounts of those reserves are based on established terms and our best estimate of the amounts necessary to settle future and existing claims on products sold as of the balance sheet date.

 

F-35


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

The following represents a reconciliation of the changes in product warranty reserves for the periods presented:

 

Millions of dollars

   2009     2008  

Balance at January 1

   $ 215      $ 226   

Warranties issued during the period

     396        417   

Settlements made during the period

     (433     (411

Other changes

     11        (17
                

Balance at December 31

   $ 189      $ 215   
                

Current portion

   $ 159      $ 174   

Non-current portion

     30        41   
                

Total

   $ 189      $ 215   
                

Product warranty reserves are included within other current liabilities and other noncurrent liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2009 and 2008.

Operating Lease Commitments

At December 31, 2009, we had noncancelable operating lease commitments totaling $897 million. The annual future minimum lease payments are summarized by year in the table below:

 

Millions of dollars

    

2010

   $ 186

2011

     159

2012

     126

2013

     99

2014

     79

Thereafter

     248
      

Total noncancelable operating lease commitments

   $ 897
      

Our rent expense was $208 million, $201 million and $183 million for the years 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Purchase Obligations

Our expected cash outflows resulting from purchase obligations are summarized by year in the table below:

 

Millions of dollars

    

2010

   $ 278

2011

     296

2012

     184

2013

     85

2014

     46

Thereafter

     115
      

Total purchase obligations

   $ 1,004
      

 

F-36


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Legal Contingencies

Government authorities in various jurisdictions are conducting antitrust investigations of the global compressor industry, including our compressor business headquartered in Brazil (“Embraco”). In 2009, Embraco sales represented approximately 7% of our global net sales.

In February 2009, competition authorities in Brazil, the U.S. and Europe began to seek documents from us in connection with their investigations. A grand jury subpoena from the U.S. Department of Justice requested documents for the time period from 2003 to 2009. Competition authorities in other jurisdictions have sought similar information.

In September 2009, the Brazilian competition commission (CADE) agreed to terminate the administrative investigation of our compressor business. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, Whirlpool affiliates and certain executives located in Brazil acknowledged a violation of Brazilian antitrust law in the Brazilian compressor market by some Embraco employees. The settlement agreement provides for the affiliates to make contributions totaling 100 million Brazilian reais to a Brazilian government fund. The contributions translate to approximately $56 million, all of which was recorded as an expense in 2009. In December 2009, a Brazilian court agreed to the public prosecutor’s request to suspend a related criminal proceeding as to certain employees, including Paulo Periquito, former President, Whirlpool International. The proceeding will be dismissed after three years provided that the individuals comply with certain conditions imposed by the court, such as payment to a government fund, a charitable donation and periodic reporting to authorities. Suspension and dismissal of the proceeding does not involve any admission or finding of wrongdoing. We are cooperating with the ongoing government investigations in other jurisdictions and have taken actions, and will continue to take actions, to minimize our potential exposure.

Since the government investigations became public in February 2009, we have been named as a defendant in numerous related antitrust lawsuits in various jurisdictions seeking damages in connection with the pricing of compressors from 1996 to 2009. Several other compressor manufacturers who are the subject of the government investigations have also been named as defendants in the litigation. United States federal lawsuits instituted on behalf of purported purchasers and containing class action allegations have been combined in one proceeding in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. We intend to defend the lawsuits vigorously.

The final outcome and impact of these matters, and related claims and investigations that may be brought in the future are subject to many variables, and cannot be predicted with certainty. An accrual has been established only where we have determined that a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. As of December 31, 2009, we have accrued charges of approximately $82 million related to these matters. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with these matters, such costs could have a material adverse effect on the financial position, liquidity, or results of operations of Whirlpool.

The Brazilian Constitution provides a general basis for recognizing tax credits on the purchase of raw materials used in production (“IPI tax credit”). Certain raw materials that are exempt or have a zero tax basis in the production process qualify for these IPI tax credits. Based on legal precedent, in 2003 and 2004, we recognized tax credits in an aggregate amount of $26 million adjusted for currency. The Brazilian tax authority subsequently challenged the recording of IPI tax credits. No credits were recognized in 2005 through 2009. In 2009, we entered into an agreement under a special Brazilian government program providing for extended payment terms and reductions in penalties and interest to encourage taxpayers to resolve disputed IPI tax credit amounts. Charges recorded related to this program for the year ended December 31, 2009 include $27 million in tax that was recorded in cost of products sold, $16 million in interest expense and $4 million in penalties

 

F-37


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

recorded in interest and sundry income (expense) in our Consolidated Statements of Income. During the December 2009 quarter, based on newly issued regulations, we settled with the Brazilian tax authority to resolve these and other disputed tax amounts. As a result of this settlement agreement, we recorded an increase in value added taxes owed of approximately $4 million in cost of goods sold, a reduction in interest expense totaling $18 million related to interest abatement, a reduction in interest and sundry income (expense) of $4 million related to penalty abatement and related income tax expense of $5 million under this special program.

In 1989, a Brazilian affiliate (now a subsidiary) brought an action against a financial institution in Brazil seeking a “Declaration of Non-Enforceability of Obligations” relating to loan documentation entered into without authority by a senior officer of the affiliate. In September 2000, an adverse decision in the declaratory action became final. In 2001, the financial institution began a collection action and we responded with a counterclaim. The lower court dismissed the counterclaim in 2002 and the Superior Court confirmed the lower court decision in December 2005. The Superior Court dismissed our counterclaim in 2007. In late 2008, the lower court issued a decision in the collection action in favor of the financial institution in the amount of 283 million Brazilian reais (approximately $162 million), plus judicial adjustments, which could be significant. We have appealed this decision. Based on our outside counsel’s assessment of the case, we increased the amount previously accrued for our estimated exposure for this litigation by 80 million Brazilian reais (approximately $46 million) in the December 2009 quarter. However, the amount of the final award, if any, may be materially different than the amount we have accrued.

We are currently defending a number of class action suits in federal and state courts alleging breach of warranty, fraud and violation of state consumer protection acts. There are no allegations of any personal injury or property damage. However, unspecified compensatory damages are being sought. We believe these suits are without merit. We intend to vigorously defend these actions.

We are involved in various other legal actions arising in the normal course of business. Management, after taking into consideration legal counsel’s evaluation of such actions, is of the opinion that the outcome of these matters will not have a material adverse effect, if any, on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Product Recalls

We regularly engage in investigations of potential quality and safety issues as part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to customers. We are currently investigating a limited number of potential quality and safety issues. As necessary, we undertake to effect repair or replacement of appliances in the event that an investigation leads to the conclusion that such action is warranted.

On March 10, 2009, we announced, in a joint press release issued with the U.S. Product Safety Commission, a voluntary recall of 1.8 million refrigerators sold in the U.S. and Canada between 2001 and 2004. The recall is due to a defect in an electrical relay component purchased from a supplier. The estimate of the affected population is higher by 0.8 million refrigerators than as disclosed in our 2008 Form 10-K due to a determination that the defective part which caused the product recall also resulted in similar failures in another type of refrigerator. There have been no other significant changes in assumptions other than increasing the affected population. As a result, we have accrued $67 million as the estimated cost of this recall. We have recorded $35 million and $32 million, respectively, as a charge to cost of products sold related to this accrual during the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. Our actual costs related to this action will depend on several factors, including the number of consumers who respond to the recall, the costs of repair and administration, and whether costs will be recovered from the supplier. Of this accrual, we have approximately $2 million remaining at December 31, 2009.

On February 1, 2007, Maytag Corporation announced a voluntary recall of approximately 2.3 million Maytag and Jenn-Air brand dishwashers. We originally estimated the cost of the recall to be $82 million, which we recorded as an assumed liability in our purchase price allocation related to the acquisition of Maytag, with a

 

F-38


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

corresponding increase to recorded goodwill. As of September 30, 2008, we had revised this estimate to $102 million due to an anticipated increase in the response rate. The incremental increase of $20 million was charged to cost of products sold in our Consolidated Statement of Income during 2008. Of this $102 million accrual, we had approximately $7 million remaining at December 31, 2008, all of which was paid during 2009.

(7) HEDGES AND DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Derivative instruments are accounted for at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative depends on the intended use and designation of the derivative instrument. For a derivative instrument designated as a fair value hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative is recognized in earnings in the period of change in fair value together with the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item. For a derivative instrument designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of Other Comprehensive Income (“OCI”) and is subsequently recognized in earnings when the hedged exposure affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is recognized in earnings. Gains and losses from changes in fair values of derivatives that are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes are recognized in earnings.

Using derivative instruments means assuming counterparty credit risk. Counterparty credit risk relates to the loss we could incur if a counterparty were to default on a derivative contract. We deal with investment grade counterparties and monitor the overall credit risk and exposure to individual counterparties. We do not anticipate nonperformance by any counterparties. The amount of counterparty credit exposure is the unrealized gains, if any, on such derivative contracts. We do not require, nor do we post, collateral or security on such contracts.

Hedging Strategy

We are exposed to certain risks relating to our ongoing business operations. As a result, we enter into derivative transactions to manage certain of these exposures that arise in the normal course of business. The primary risks managed by using derivative instruments are foreign currency exchange rate, commodity price and domestic and foreign interest rate risks. Fluctuations in these rates and prices can affect our operating results and financial condition. We manage the exposure to these market risks through operating and financing activities and through the use of derivative financial instruments. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Foreign currency exchange rate risk

We incur expenses associated with the procurement and production of products in a limited number of countries, while we sell in the local currencies of a large number of countries. Our primary foreign currency exchange exposures result from cross-currency sales of products. As a result, we enter into foreign exchange contracts to hedge certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions to acquire products and services that are denominated in foreign currencies.

We enter into certain undesignated non-functional currency asset and liability hedges that relate primarily to short-term payables, receivables, inventory and intercompany loans. These forecasted cross-currency cash flows relate primarily to foreign currency denominated expenditures and intercompany financing agreements, royalty agreements and dividends.

Commodity price risk

We enter into forward contracts on various commodities to manage the price risk associated with forecasted purchases of materials used in our manufacturing process. The objective of the hedges is to reduce the variability of cash flows associated with the forecasted purchase of those commodities.

 

F-39


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Interest rate risk

We enter into interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk exposure. Our interest rate swap agreements effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk, primarily through converting certain of our floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, and certain fixed rate debt to a floating rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. These agreements involve either the receipt or payment of floating rate amounts in exchange for fixed rate interest payments or receipts, respectively, over the life of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amounts.

The following table summarizes our outstanding derivative contracts and their effects on our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2009:

 

          Fair Value of (1)          
                  

Millions of dollars

   Notional
Amount
   Hedge
Assets
   Hedge
Liabilities
  

Type of

Hedge (2)

   Term

Designated derivatives

              

Foreign exchange forwards/options

   $ 1,090    $ 40    $ 54    (CF)/(FV)    Various, up to 15 months

Commodity swaps/options

     486      109      2    (CF)/(FV)    Various, up to 29 months
                      

Total designated derivatives

      $ 149    $ 56      
                      

Undesignated derivatives

              

Foreign exchange forwards/options

   $ 801    $ 6    $ 4       Various, up to 5 months

Commodity swaps/options

     24      4      2       Various, up to 24 months
                      

Total undesignated derivatives

        10      6      
                      

Total derivatives

      $ 159    $ 62      
                      

 

(1)   Periodic adjustments from fair valuing hedge assets and liabilities are recorded in other current assets and other assets or other current liabilities and other liabilities. As of December 31, 2009, hedge assets of $119 million and $40 million were recorded in other current assets and other assets, respectively, and hedge liabilities of $61 million and $1 million were recorded in other current liabilities and other liabilities, respectively.

 

(2)   Designated derivatives are either considered cash flow (CF) or fair value hedges (FV).

The effects of derivative instruments on our Consolidated Statement of Income for the year ended December 31, 2009 are as follows:

 

Cash Flow Hedges—Millions of dollars

   Gain (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
(Effective Portion)
    Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
into Income
(Effective Portion) (1)
    Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income
(Ineffective Portion) (2)

Foreign exchange forwards/options

   $ (23   $ 8 (a)(b)     $ 1

Commodity swaps/options

     196        (101 ) (b)       2

Interest rate swaps

     1        1 (c)      
                      
   $ 174      $ (92   $ 3
                      

 

(1)   Gains and losses reclassified from accumulated OCI into income are recorded in (a) interest and sundry income (expense), (b) cost of products sold or (c) interest expense.

 

(2)   Gains and losses recognized in income related to the ineffective portion of hedges are recorded in interest and sundry income (expense).

 

F-40


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Fair Value Hedges—Millions of dollars

   Gain (Loss) Recognized
on Derivative (3)
    Gain (Loss) Recognized
on Related

Hedged Items (3)
   Hedged Item

Foreign exchange forwards/options

   $ (7   $ 7    Non-functional
currency assets
and liabilities

 

(3)   Gains and losses recognized in income are recorded in interest and sundry income (expense).

 

Undesignated Hedges—Millions of dollars

   Gain (Loss)
Recognized on
Undesignated Hedges (4)
 

Foreign exchange forwards/options

   $ 70   

Commodity swaps

     (6
        
   $ 64   
        

 

(4)   Mark to market gains and losses are recorded in interest and sundry income (expense).

The net amount of unrealized gain or loss on derivative instruments included in accumulated other comprehensive income related to contracts maturing, and expected to be realized during the next twelve months is a gain of $57 million at December 31, 2009.

Early Hedge Settlement

During November and December 2008, we cash settled certain foreign currency derivative contracts prior to their scheduled settlement dates. As a result of these transactions, we received $82 million in cash, which represented the fair value of these contracts at the date of settlement. Effective gains of $82 million were initially recorded in accumulated OCI until the hedged forecasted transactions affected earnings, then the gains were recorded as a reduction in cost of products sold on our Consolidated Statements of Income. Approximately $10 million of these gains were recorded in earnings during 2008 and the remainder was recorded in earnings in 2009. There was no ineffectiveness related to these settled foreign currency derivative contracts.

(8) STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income primarily includes (1) our reported net earnings, (2) foreign currency translation, (3) changes in the effective portion of our open derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedges, (4) changes in our unrecognized pension and other postretirement benefits and (5) changes in fair value of our available for sale securities.

 

F-41


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

The following table shows the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool common stockholders at December 31, 2007, 2008 and 2009, and the activity for the years then ended:

 

Millions of dollars

   Foreign
Currency
    Derivative
Instruments
    Unrecognized
Pension and
Postretirement
Liability
    Marketable
Securities
    Total  

December 31, 2006

   $ (376   $ 48      $ (315   $      $ (643
                                        

Unrealized gain (loss)

     320        (68            17        269   

Unrealized gain and prior service credit

                   225               225   

Tax effect

     (34     4        (79            (109
                                        

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

     286        (64     146        17        385   

Less: Other comprehensive income available to noncontrolling interests

  

 

11

  

 

 

1

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

12

  

          
                                        

Other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool common stockholders

     275        (65     146        17        373   
                                        

December 31, 2007

     (101     (17     (169     17        (270
                                        

Unrealized loss

     (461     (161            (10     (632

Unrealized loss and prior service credit

                   (726            (726

Tax effect

     34        47        274               355   
                                        

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     (427     (114     (452     (10     (1,003

Less: Other comprehensive loss available to

    noncontrolling interests

  

 

(3

 

 

(11

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

(14

          
                                        

Other comprehensive loss available to Whirlpool common stockholders

     (424     (103     (452     (10     (989
                                        

December 31, 2008

     (525     (120     (621     7        (1,259
                                        

Unrealized gain

     333        266               1        600   

Unrealized loss and prior service cost

                   (109            (109

Tax effect

     (23     (86     27               (82
                                        

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

     310        180        (82     1        409   

Less: Other comprehensive income available to noncontrolling interests

  

 

11

  

 

 

7

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

18

  

          
                                        

Other comprehensive income (loss) available to Whirlpool common stockholders

     299        173        (82     1        391   
                                        

December 31, 2009

   $ (226   $ 53      $ (703   $ 8      $ (868
                                        

Net Earnings per Share

Diluted net earnings per share of common stock include the dilutive effect of stock options and other share-based compensation plans. For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, a total of approximately 3,090,508 options, 2,728,410 options and 1,709,000 options, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their exercise prices would render them anti-dilutive.

 

F-42


NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Basic and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were calculated as follows:

 

December 31—Millions of dollars

   2009    2008    2007

Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share—net earnings available to Whirlpool common stockholders

   $ 328    $ 418    $ 640
                    

Denominator for basic earnings per share—weighted-average shares

     74.6      75.1      78.5

Effect of dilutive securities—stock-based compensation

     1.0      0.9      1.4
                    

Denominator for diluted earnings per share—adjusted weighted-average shares

     75.6      76.0      79.9
                    

Noncontrolling Interests

During the December 2009 quarter, our Latin America region entered into a definitive agreement to purchase 1.8% of the outstanding noncontrolling interest in Brasmotor S.A. for $12 million. This transaction closed on January 15, 2010 and raised our ownership interest in Brasmotor S.A. to 95.6%.

Repurchase Program

In June 2004, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $500 million. During 2007, we repurchased 3.8 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $368 million and during the March 2008 quarter, we repurchased 1.1 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $97 million under this program. At March 31, 2008, there were no remaining funds authorized under this program.

On April 23, 2008, our Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $500 million. Share repurchases are made from time to time on the open market as conditions warrant. During 2008, we repurchased 1.9 million shares at an aggregate purchase price of $150 million under this program. We made no share repurchases during 2009. At December 31, 2009, there were $350 million remaining funds authorized under this program.

Preferred Stock Purchase Rights

Rights to repurchase preferred stock under the Rights Agreement dated April 12, 1998 expired on May 22, 2008 pursuant to the terms of the Rights Agreement.

(9) STOCK OPTION AND INCENTIVE PLANS

We sponsor several share-based employee incentive plans. Share-based compensation expense for grants awarded under these plans was $27 million, $30 million and $40 million in 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively. Related income tax benefits recognized in earnings were $10 million, $11 million and $15 million in 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively.

At December 31, 2009, unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock option and stock unit awards totaled $33 million. The cost of these non-vested awards is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining vesting period of 34 months.

Share-Based Employee Incentive Plans

On April 17, 2007, our shareholders approved the 2007 Omnibus Stock and Incentive Plan (“2007 OSIP”). This plan was previously adopted by our Board of Directors on February 20, 2007 and provides for the issuance

 

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

of stock options, performance stock units, performance shares, restricted stock and restricted stock units with terms of no more than 10 years. At December 31, 2009, approximately 630 thousand shares remain available for issuance under the 2007 OSIP, our only active plan.

Stock Options

Eligible employees receive stock options as a portion of their total compensation. Such options generally become exercisable over a three-year period, expire 10 years from the date of grant and are subject to forfeiture upon termination of employment. We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to measure the fair value of stock options granted to employees. Granted options have exercise prices equal to the market price of Whirlpool common stock on the grant date. The principal assumptions utilized in valuing options include: (1) risk-free interest rate—an estimate based on the yield of U.S. zero coupon securities with a maturity equal to the expected life of the option; (2) expected volatility—an estimate based on the historical volatility of Whirlpool common stock for a period equal to the expected life of the option; and (3) expected option life—an estimate based on historical experience. Based on the results of the model, the weighted-average fair values of stock options granted during the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008, and 2007 were $6.42, $21.03 and $22.54, respectively, using the following assumptions:

 

Weighted Average Black-Scholes Assumptions

   2009     2008     2007  

Risk-free interest rate

   1.9   3.0   4.7

Expected volatility

   37.5   28.1   22.6

Expected dividend yield

   5.5   2.0   1.9

Expected option life

   5 years      5 years      5 years   

Stock Option Activity

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the year ended December 31, 2009:

 

Thousands of shares, except per share data

   Number
of Options
    Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price

Outstanding at January 1

   4,137      $ 87.81

Granted

   1,451        32.09

Exercised

   (404     51.91

Canceled or expired

   (487     108.93
            

Outstanding at December 31

   4,697      $ 71.32
            

Exercisable at December 31

   2,874      $ 87.34
            

The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised was $9 million, $10 million and $39 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The related tax benefits were $3 million, $3 million and $15 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Cash received from the exercise of stock options was $21 million, $21 million, and $68 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

The table below summarizes additional information related to stock options outstanding at December 31, 2009:

 

Options in thousands / dollars in millions, except per share data

   Outstanding Net
of Expected
Forfeitures
   Options
Exercisable

Number of options

     4,545      2,874

Weighted-average exercise price

   $ 72.47    $ 87.34

Aggregate intrinsic value

   $ 82    $ 21

Weighted-average remaining contractual term, in years

     5.9      4.3

 

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

Stock Units

Eligible employees may receive restricted stock units or performance stock units as a portion of their total compensation.

Restricted stock units are typically granted to selected management employees on an annual basis and vest over three years. Periodically, restricted stock units may be granted to selected executives based on special recognition or retention circumstances and generally vest from three years to seven years. Some of these awards accrue dividend equivalents on outstanding units (in the form of additional stock units) based on dividends declared on Whirlpool common stock. These awards convert to unrestricted common stock at the conclusion of the vesting period.

Performance stock units are granted to executives on an annual basis. The final award may equal 0 – 200% of a target based on pre-established Whirlpool financial performance measures related to the current year. The awards vest two years following the end of the performance period and convert to unrestricted common stock at the conclusion of the vesting period.

We measure compensation cost for stock units based on the closing market price of Whirlpool common stock at the grant date. The weighted average grant date fair values of awards granted during the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 were $26.51, $55.83 and $96.81, respectively.

The following table summarizes stock unit activity during the year ended December 31, 2009:

 

Stock units in thousands, except per share data

   Number of
Stock Units
    Weighted- Average
Grant Date Fair
Value

Non-vested, December 31, 2008

   1,108      $ 77.66

Granted

   660        26.51

Canceled

   (198     41.83

Vested and transferred to unrestricted

   (354     85.67
            

Non-vested, December 31, 2009

   1,216      $ 52.87
            

Nonemployee Director Equity Plan

Our Nonemployee Director Equity Plan provides for (1) a one time grant of 1,000 shares of common stock made at the time a director first joins the Board; (2) an annual grant of stock options, with the number of options to be determined by dividing $36,000 by the product of the fair market value of a single share of our common stock on the final trading day before the annual meeting of stockholders multiplied by 0.35; and (3) an annual grant of stock, with the number of shares to be issued to the director determined by dividing $54,000 by the average fair market value of a single share of our common stock for the final three trading days before the grant. The exercise price under each option granted is the fair market value of the common stock on the last trading day before the annual meeting of stockholders.

(10) RESTRUCTURING CHARGES

Under our ongoing global operating platform initiatives, we implemented certain restructuring initiatives to strengthen our leadership position in the global appliance industry. We plan to continue a comprehensive worldwide effort to optimize our regional manufacturing facilities, supply base, product platforms and technology resources to support our global brands and customers. We incurred total restructuring charges of $126 million, $149 million, $61 million during the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008, 2007 respectively. These charges are included in restructuring costs in our Consolidated Statements of Income and primarily consist of

 

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

charges to restructure the cooking platform in Latin America, shift refrigeration and dishwasher capacity within Europe and North America, shift cooking capacity within North America, restructure the laundry platforms in North America, Europe and Asia and reorganize the salaried workforce throughout North America and Europe.

On October 27, 2008, management committed to a workforce reduction plan to reduce our employee base worldwide beginning during the fourth quarter of 2008 through the beginning of 2010. We expect to incur approximately $100 million in employee termination costs, $14 million in asset impairment costs and $3 million in other associated costs for a total of $117 million that will be incurred as a result of this workforce reduction. We incurred charges of $39 million in 2009 and $64 million in 2008 associated with this workforce reduction, which are included in the $126 million and $149 million, respectively, in total restructuring charges discussed above. As of December 31, 2009, approximately $15 million of these workforce reduction costs remain, all of which will result in future cash expenditures.

Our 2008 restructuring initiatives are reducing our overall workforce by approximately 5,000 employees and contractors worldwide through the beginning of 2010. We expect to incur additional costs of $14 million in our Europe region and $1 million in our North American region through the beginning of 2010 related to these initiatives. For additional information about restructuring charges by business segment, see Note 13.

On August 28, 2009, we announced changes to our North America manufacturing operations which will result in the closure of our manufacturing facility in Evansville, Indiana in mid-2010. We currently expect that approximately 1,100 full-time positions will be eliminated as a result of the closure. We estimate that we will incur approximately $50 million in total costs in connection with the exit of this facility comprised of $20 million in employee termination costs, $13 million in equipment relocation costs, $5 million in asset impairment costs, and $12 million in other associated costs. During 2009 we incurred $20 million associated with this announcement, $14 million of which is included in the $126 million in total restructuring charges discussed above. We expect to recognize approximately $27 million of these costs in the 2010 fiscal year, $2 million of these costs in the 2011 fiscal year and estimate that approximately $31 million of the estimated $50 million in total cost will result in future cash expenditures. As of December 31, 2009, approximately $30 million of these closure costs remain, all of which will result in future cash expenditures.

A summary of our restructuring liability balance and full year restructuring activity for 2009, 2008 and 2007 is as follows:

 

Millions of dollars

  January 1,
2009 Balance
  Charge to
Earnings
  Cash Paid     Non-Cash     Revision of
Estimate
    Translation     December 31,
2009 Balance

2009

             

Termination costs

  $ 82   $ 86   $ (93   $ (3   $ (2   $ (2   $ 68

Non-employee exit costs

    22     40     (15     (29     (4     1        15
                                                 

Total

  $ 104   $ 126   $ (108   $ (32   $ (6   $ (1   $ 83
                                                 

2008

             

Termination costs

  $ 56   $ 134   $ (86   $      $ (21   $ (1   $ 82

Non-employee exit costs

    44     15     (12     (18     (7            22
                                                 

Total

  $ 100   $ 149   $ (98   $ (18   $ (28   $ (1   $ 104
                                                 

2007

             

Termination costs

  $ 128   $ 34   $ (95   $      $ (13   $ 2      $ 56

Non-employee exit costs

    49     27     (30     (18     16               44
                                                 

Total

  $ 177   $ 61   $ (125   $ (18   $ 3      $ 2      $ 100
                                                 

 

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(CONTINUED)

 

For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, the revisions of estimates related to the Maytag operations exit, relocation and employee termination accruals were approximately $6 million, $25 million and $3 million, respectively, which were recorded with a corresponding offset to goodwill.

(11) INCOME TAXES

Income tax (benefit) expense is as follows:

 

Year ended December 31—Millions of dollars

       2009             2008             2007      

Current:

      

Federal

   $ 10      $ 9      $ (28

State and local

     (3     14        8   

Foreign

     115        66        128   
                        
     122        89        108   

Deferred:

      

Federal

     (182     (309     28   

State and local

     3        (31     3   

Foreign

     (4     50        (22
                        
     (183     (290     9   
                        

Total income tax (benefit) expense

   $ (61   $ (201   $ 117   
                        

Domestic and foreign earnings (loss) before income taxes and other items are as follows:

 

Year ended December 31—Millions of dollars

       2009             2008             2007    

Domestic

   $ (110   $ (433   $ 103

Foreign

     404        679        701
                      

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and other items

   $ 294      $ 246      $ 804
                      

Reconciliations between tax expense at the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 35% and the consolidated effective income tax rate for earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and other items are as follows:

 

Year ended December 31

   2009     2008     2007  

Income tax rate computed at U.S. federal statutory rate

   35.0   35.0   35.0

U.S. government tax incentives

   (42.5   (42.6   (3.7

Foreign government tax incentives

   (15.1   (34.5   (7.6

Foreign tax rate differential

   (10.6   (9.4   (1.4

Settlement of global tax audits

   7.6      (8.6   2.7   

U.S. foreign tax credits

   (6.3   (73.9   (2.2

Foreign withholding taxes

   5.1      4.7      1.9   

Deductible interest on capital

   (5.1   (13.4   (2.7

Medicare Part D subsidy

   4.0           (0.6

U.S. tax on foreign dividends and subpart F income

   3.6      66.6      0.7   

Valuation allowances

   3.3      2.1      (7.1

Impact of tax rate changes

   (1.3   0.7      1.9   

State and local taxes, net of federal tax benefit

   0.3      (6.7   1.0   

Real estate donations

             (1.1

Other items, net

   1.4      (1.7   (2.3
                  

Effective tax rate